SET domain proteins in plant development.Biochim Biophys Acta. 2011 Aug; 1809(8):407-20.BB
Post-translational methylation of lysine residues on histone tails is an epigenetic modification crucial for regulation of chromatin structure and gene expression in eukaryotes. The majority of the histone lysine methyltransferases (HKMTases) conferring such modifications are proteins with a conserved SET domain responsible for the enzymatic activity. The SET domain proteins in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana can be assigned to evolutionarily conserved classes with different specificities allowing for different outcomes on chromatin structure. Here we review the present knowledge of the biochemical and biological functions of plant SET domain proteins in developmental processes. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Epigenetic control of cellular and developmental processes in plants.