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The effect of rural-to-urban migration on social capital and common mental disorders: PERU MIGRANT study.
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2012 Jun; 47(6):967-73.SP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study aims to investigate whether there are differences in the prevalence of common mental disorders and social capital between migrant and non-migrant groups in Peru.

METHODOLOGY

The PERU MIGRANT study is a cross-sectional study comprising three groups: an urban group from a shanty town in Lima; a rural group from a community in Ayacucho-Peru; and a migrant group originally from Ayacucho currently living in the same urban shanty town. Common mental disorders were assessed using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), and social capital was assessed using the Short Social Capital Assessment Tool (SASCAT). Poisson regression with robust standard errors was used to estimate prevalence ratios.

RESULTS

The overall prevalence of common mental disorders was 39.4%; the highest prevalence was observed in the rural group. Similar patterns were observed for cognitive social capital and structural social capital. However after adjustment for sex, age, family income and education, all but one of the significant relationships was attenuated, suggesting that in this population migration per se does not impact on common mental health disorders or social capital.

CONCLUSIONS

In the PERU MIGRANT study, we did not observe a difference in the prevalence of common mental disorders, cognitive and structural social capital between migrant and urban groups. This pattern of associations was also similar in rural and urban groups, except that a higher prevalence ratio of structural social capital was observed in the rural group.

Authors+Show Affiliations

CRONICAS, Centro de Excelencia en Enfermedades Crónicas, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Av. Armendáriz 497, 2do Piso, Miraflores, Lima 18, Peru. christian.loret.de.mola.z@upch.peNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21667301

Citation

Loret de Mola, Christian, et al. "The Effect of Rural-to-urban Migration On Social Capital and Common Mental Disorders: PERU MIGRANT Study." Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, vol. 47, no. 6, 2012, pp. 967-73.
Loret de Mola C, Stanojevic S, Ruiz P, et al. The effect of rural-to-urban migration on social capital and common mental disorders: PERU MIGRANT study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2012;47(6):967-73.
Loret de Mola, C., Stanojevic, S., Ruiz, P., Gilman, R. H., Smeeth, L., & Miranda, J. J. (2012). The effect of rural-to-urban migration on social capital and common mental disorders: PERU MIGRANT study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 47(6), 967-73. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-011-0404-6
Loret de Mola C, et al. The Effect of Rural-to-urban Migration On Social Capital and Common Mental Disorders: PERU MIGRANT Study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2012;47(6):967-73. PubMed PMID: 21667301.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effect of rural-to-urban migration on social capital and common mental disorders: PERU MIGRANT study. AU - Loret de Mola,Christian, AU - Stanojevic,Sanja, AU - Ruiz,Paulo, AU - Gilman,Robert H, AU - Smeeth,Liam, AU - Miranda,J Jaime, Y1 - 2011/06/12/ PY - 2010/07/14/received PY - 2011/05/23/accepted PY - 2011/6/14/entrez PY - 2011/6/15/pubmed PY - 2012/9/29/medline SP - 967 EP - 73 JF - Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology JO - Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol VL - 47 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate whether there are differences in the prevalence of common mental disorders and social capital between migrant and non-migrant groups in Peru. METHODOLOGY: The PERU MIGRANT study is a cross-sectional study comprising three groups: an urban group from a shanty town in Lima; a rural group from a community in Ayacucho-Peru; and a migrant group originally from Ayacucho currently living in the same urban shanty town. Common mental disorders were assessed using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), and social capital was assessed using the Short Social Capital Assessment Tool (SASCAT). Poisson regression with robust standard errors was used to estimate prevalence ratios. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of common mental disorders was 39.4%; the highest prevalence was observed in the rural group. Similar patterns were observed for cognitive social capital and structural social capital. However after adjustment for sex, age, family income and education, all but one of the significant relationships was attenuated, suggesting that in this population migration per se does not impact on common mental health disorders or social capital. CONCLUSIONS: In the PERU MIGRANT study, we did not observe a difference in the prevalence of common mental disorders, cognitive and structural social capital between migrant and urban groups. This pattern of associations was also similar in rural and urban groups, except that a higher prevalence ratio of structural social capital was observed in the rural group. SN - 1433-9285 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21667301/The_effect_of_rural_to_urban_migration_on_social_capital_and_common_mental_disorders:_PERU_MIGRANT_study_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-011-0404-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -