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Probiotics and herbal mixtures enhance the growth, blood constituents, and nonspecific immune response in Paralichthys olivaceus against Streptococcus parauberis.
Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2011 Aug; 31(2):310-7.FS

Abstract

The present study was reported the effect of probiotics and herbals mixture supplementation diet on growth, blood constituents, and nonspecific immune response in olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus against Streptococcus parauberis on weeks 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 after injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) with 50 μl of PBS (phosphate buffer saline) containing S. parauberis (2.1 × 10⁷ CFU ml⁻¹). The initial weight did not significantly increased in supplementation diet group from 1 to 4 weeks, whereas it was significantly increased from weeks 6 to 12 as compared to fish fed without supplementation diet. The serum aspartate aminotransferase (SGOT) and alanine aminotransferase (SGPT) activities significantly increased from weeks 4 to 12 in infected fish fed with supplementation diet compared to fish fed without supplementation diet. However, the total protein (TP) and glucose (GLU) levels were significantly increased in infected fish fed with supplementation diet after 6 weeks. The phagocytic, respiratory burst, complement, and lysozyme activities significantly enhanced in infected fish fed with supplementation diet from weeks 4 to 12 as compared to fish fed without supplementation diet. These results suggested that different probiotics and herbals mixture supplementation diet enhanced the growth, blood biochemical constituents, and nonspecific immunity in olive flounder against S. parauberis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Marine Applied Microbes and Aquatic Organism Disease Control Lab, Department of Aquatic Biomedical Sciences, School of Marine Biomedical Sciences & Marine and Environmental Research Institute, Jeju National University, Jeju 690-756, South Korea. rhari123@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21669289

Citation

Harikrishnan, Ramasamy, et al. "Probiotics and Herbal Mixtures Enhance the Growth, Blood Constituents, and Nonspecific Immune Response in Paralichthys Olivaceus Against Streptococcus Parauberis." Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 31, no. 2, 2011, pp. 310-7.
Harikrishnan R, Kim MC, Kim JS, et al. Probiotics and herbal mixtures enhance the growth, blood constituents, and nonspecific immune response in Paralichthys olivaceus against Streptococcus parauberis. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2011;31(2):310-7.
Harikrishnan, R., Kim, M. C., Kim, J. S., Balasundaram, C., & Heo, M. S. (2011). Probiotics and herbal mixtures enhance the growth, blood constituents, and nonspecific immune response in Paralichthys olivaceus against Streptococcus parauberis. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 31(2), 310-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2011.05.020
Harikrishnan R, et al. Probiotics and Herbal Mixtures Enhance the Growth, Blood Constituents, and Nonspecific Immune Response in Paralichthys Olivaceus Against Streptococcus Parauberis. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2011;31(2):310-7. PubMed PMID: 21669289.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Probiotics and herbal mixtures enhance the growth, blood constituents, and nonspecific immune response in Paralichthys olivaceus against Streptococcus parauberis. AU - Harikrishnan,Ramasamy, AU - Kim,Man-Chul, AU - Kim,Ju-Sang, AU - Balasundaram,Chellam, AU - Heo,Moon-Soo, Y1 - 2011/06/06/ PY - 2011/03/02/received PY - 2011/05/19/revised PY - 2011/05/21/accepted PY - 2011/6/15/entrez PY - 2011/6/15/pubmed PY - 2011/10/25/medline SP - 310 EP - 7 JF - Fish & shellfish immunology JO - Fish Shellfish Immunol VL - 31 IS - 2 N2 - The present study was reported the effect of probiotics and herbals mixture supplementation diet on growth, blood constituents, and nonspecific immune response in olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus against Streptococcus parauberis on weeks 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 after injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) with 50 μl of PBS (phosphate buffer saline) containing S. parauberis (2.1 × 10⁷ CFU ml⁻¹). The initial weight did not significantly increased in supplementation diet group from 1 to 4 weeks, whereas it was significantly increased from weeks 6 to 12 as compared to fish fed without supplementation diet. The serum aspartate aminotransferase (SGOT) and alanine aminotransferase (SGPT) activities significantly increased from weeks 4 to 12 in infected fish fed with supplementation diet compared to fish fed without supplementation diet. However, the total protein (TP) and glucose (GLU) levels were significantly increased in infected fish fed with supplementation diet after 6 weeks. The phagocytic, respiratory burst, complement, and lysozyme activities significantly enhanced in infected fish fed with supplementation diet from weeks 4 to 12 as compared to fish fed without supplementation diet. These results suggested that different probiotics and herbals mixture supplementation diet enhanced the growth, blood biochemical constituents, and nonspecific immunity in olive flounder against S. parauberis. SN - 1095-9947 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21669289/Probiotics_and_herbal_mixtures_enhance_the_growth_blood_constituents_and_nonspecific_immune_response_in_Paralichthys_olivaceus_against_Streptococcus_parauberis_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1050-4648(11)00203-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -