The role of protein kinase C in interleukin 1 and tumor necrosis factor alpha induction of fibroblasts to produce and release granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating activity.Exp Hematol. 1990 Sep; 18(8):888-92.EH
The process of signal transduction by interleukin 1 (IL-1) or tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) for the production of hematopoietic growth factors by cultured fibroblasts was studied using inhibitors for protein kinase C, cyclic nucleotide-dependent protein kinases, calmodulin-dependent protein kinases, and the Na(+)-H+ antiport system. The protein kinase C inhibitor H-7 was shown to inhibit both IL-1 beta- and TNF alpha-induced granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating activity (GM-CSA) production and release from cultured fibroblasts in a dose-dependent manner, with 40 microM H-7 demonstrating maximum suppression of the GM-CSA response. In addition, 100-200 nM staurosporine, a more potent inhibitor of protein kinase C, also completely suppressed GM-CSA from IL-1 beta- and TNF alpha-induced fibroblasts. In contrast, a potent inhibitor of cyclic nucleotide-dependent protein kinases, HA1004, showed no effect when used at 10-40 microM. In addition, an inhibitor of calmodulin-induced protein kinases, W-7, also showed no effect when used at 10-30 microM. Prior incubation with H-7 did not inhibit the ability of fibroblasts to subsequently respond to IL-1 beta or TNF alpha, nor did H-7 directly inhibit the granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming assay. Both dibutyryl cyclic adenosine monophosphate (10-30 microM) and forskolin (1-100 nM), activators of adenylate cyclase, in the presence or absence of the phosphodiesterase inhibitor isobutylmethylxanthine, failed to stimulate a GM-CSA response from cultured fibroblasts, indicating a lack of effect of cyclic nucleotide-dependent protein kinases. Furthermore, the addition of H-7 30 min after induction with IL-1 beta or TNF alpha showed little effect on the synthesis of GM-CSA by cultured fibroblasts, indicating that the signal transduction process probably occurred within the first 30 min of ligand-receptor interaction. Finally, amelioride, an inhibitor of the Na(+)-H+ antiport, was shown to inhibit IL-1 beta-induced GM-CSA in a dose-dependent manner.