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Cognitive predictors of life skill intervention outcomes for adults with mental illness at risk for homelessness.
Am J Occup Ther. 2011 May-Jun; 65(3):277-86.AJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

We investigated the effectiveness of a life skills intervention for people with mental illness who have been homeless.

METHOD

In this longitudinal outcomes study, we used Situated Learning Theory (Lave & Wenger, 1991) to provide group and individual sessions to 38 participants from two housing programs after completing baseline Allen Cognitive Level Screen-2000 (ACLS-2000; Allen Conferences, 2000) and Practical Skills Tests (PSTs). Data were analyzed using linear mixed-effects regression models.

RESULTS

The PST scores of participants with higher ACLS-2000 scores significantly increased over time (food management, p = .021; money management, p = .039; safe community participation, p = .02). Participants with lower ACLS-2000 scores demonstrated an even greater change over time.

CONCLUSION

Most participants, including those with lower ACLS-2000 scores, improved and retained life skills knowledge over time, challenging the premise that people with mental illness should be excluded from mixed-level group interventions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Occupational Therapy Program, College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Sargent College, Boston University, 635 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA. helfrich@bu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21675333

Citation

Helfrich, Christine A., et al. "Cognitive Predictors of Life Skill Intervention Outcomes for Adults With Mental Illness at Risk for Homelessness." The American Journal of Occupational Therapy : Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association, vol. 65, no. 3, 2011, pp. 277-86.
Helfrich CA, Chan DV, Sabol P. Cognitive predictors of life skill intervention outcomes for adults with mental illness at risk for homelessness. Am J Occup Ther. 2011;65(3):277-86.
Helfrich, C. A., Chan, D. V., & Sabol, P. (2011). Cognitive predictors of life skill intervention outcomes for adults with mental illness at risk for homelessness. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy : Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association, 65(3), 277-86.
Helfrich CA, Chan DV, Sabol P. Cognitive Predictors of Life Skill Intervention Outcomes for Adults With Mental Illness at Risk for Homelessness. Am J Occup Ther. 2011 May-Jun;65(3):277-86. PubMed PMID: 21675333.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cognitive predictors of life skill intervention outcomes for adults with mental illness at risk for homelessness. AU - Helfrich,Christine A, AU - Chan,Dara V, AU - Sabol,Peggy, PY - 2011/6/17/entrez PY - 2011/6/17/pubmed PY - 2011/7/13/medline SP - 277 EP - 86 JF - The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association JO - Am J Occup Ther VL - 65 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effectiveness of a life skills intervention for people with mental illness who have been homeless. METHOD: In this longitudinal outcomes study, we used Situated Learning Theory (Lave & Wenger, 1991) to provide group and individual sessions to 38 participants from two housing programs after completing baseline Allen Cognitive Level Screen-2000 (ACLS-2000; Allen Conferences, 2000) and Practical Skills Tests (PSTs). Data were analyzed using linear mixed-effects regression models. RESULTS: The PST scores of participants with higher ACLS-2000 scores significantly increased over time (food management, p = .021; money management, p = .039; safe community participation, p = .02). Participants with lower ACLS-2000 scores demonstrated an even greater change over time. CONCLUSION: Most participants, including those with lower ACLS-2000 scores, improved and retained life skills knowledge over time, challenging the premise that people with mental illness should be excluded from mixed-level group interventions. SN - 0272-9490 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21675333/Cognitive_predictors_of_life_skill_intervention_outcomes_for_adults_with_mental_illness_at_risk_for_homelessness_ L2 - http://ajot.aota.org/article.aspx?volume=65&page=277 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -