Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Second-hand smoke in indoor hospitality venues in Pakistan.
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Jul; 15(7):972-7.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Second-hand smoke (SHS) constitutes a significant public health threat in countries with a high smoking prevalence. However, data assessing the quality of indoor air at public venues in Pakistan are limited.

OBJECTIVES

To measure mean concentrations of PM(2.5) (particulate matter ≤2.5 microns in diameter), a sensitive indicator of SHS, in hospitality venues in Pakistan.

SETTING AND DESIGN

Data were collected discreetly from 39 indoor venues such as cafes, restaurants and shisha (water-pipe) bars from three major cities in Pakistan. Data were recorded using a portable air quality monitoring device.

RESULTS

The overall mean PM(2.5) value for the visited venues was 846 μg/m(3) (95%CI 484-1205). The mean PM(2.5) value was 101 μg/m(3) (95%CI 69-135 μg/m(3)) for non-smoking venues, 689 μg/m(3) (95%CI 241-1138) for cigarette smoking venues and 1745 μg/m(3) (95%CI 925-2565) for shisha smoking venues.

CONCLUSION

The significant levels of SHS recorded in this study, in particular from shisha smoking venues, could represent a major public health burden in Pakistan. Appropriate legislation needs to be enforced to protect the health of those exposed to the hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Medical College, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21682974

Citation

Zaidi, S M A., et al. "Second-hand Smoke in Indoor Hospitality Venues in Pakistan." The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease : the Official Journal of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 15, no. 7, 2011, pp. 972-7.
Zaidi SM, Moin O, Khan JA. Second-hand smoke in indoor hospitality venues in Pakistan. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011;15(7):972-7.
Zaidi, S. M., Moin, O., & Khan, J. A. (2011). Second-hand smoke in indoor hospitality venues in Pakistan. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease : the Official Journal of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 15(7), 972-7. https://doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.10.0524
Zaidi SM, Moin O, Khan JA. Second-hand Smoke in Indoor Hospitality Venues in Pakistan. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011;15(7):972-7. PubMed PMID: 21682974.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Second-hand smoke in indoor hospitality venues in Pakistan. AU - Zaidi,S M A, AU - Moin,O, AU - Khan,J A, PY - 2011/6/21/entrez PY - 2011/6/21/pubmed PY - 2011/11/9/medline SP - 972 EP - 7 JF - The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease JO - Int J Tuberc Lung Dis VL - 15 IS - 7 N2 - BACKGROUND: Second-hand smoke (SHS) constitutes a significant public health threat in countries with a high smoking prevalence. However, data assessing the quality of indoor air at public venues in Pakistan are limited. OBJECTIVES: To measure mean concentrations of PM(2.5) (particulate matter ≤2.5 microns in diameter), a sensitive indicator of SHS, in hospitality venues in Pakistan. SETTING AND DESIGN: Data were collected discreetly from 39 indoor venues such as cafes, restaurants and shisha (water-pipe) bars from three major cities in Pakistan. Data were recorded using a portable air quality monitoring device. RESULTS: The overall mean PM(2.5) value for the visited venues was 846 μg/m(3) (95%CI 484-1205). The mean PM(2.5) value was 101 μg/m(3) (95%CI 69-135 μg/m(3)) for non-smoking venues, 689 μg/m(3) (95%CI 241-1138) for cigarette smoking venues and 1745 μg/m(3) (95%CI 925-2565) for shisha smoking venues. CONCLUSION: The significant levels of SHS recorded in this study, in particular from shisha smoking venues, could represent a major public health burden in Pakistan. Appropriate legislation needs to be enforced to protect the health of those exposed to the hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke. SN - 1815-7920 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21682974/Second_hand_smoke_in_indoor_hospitality_venues_in_Pakistan_ L2 - https://www.ingentaconnect.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=1027-3719&volume=15&issue=7&spage=972&aulast=Zaidi DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -