Neuromuscular efficiency during sit to stand movement in women with knee osteoarthritis.J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2011 Oct; 21(5):689-94.JE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the neuromuscular efficiency of women with knee osteoarthritis (OA) when performing a sit-to-stand movement and during maximum strength efforts. Twelve women with unilateral knee OA (age 60.33±6.66 years, height 1.61±0.05 m, mass 77.08±9.2 kg) and 11 controls (age 56.54±5.46 years, height 1.64±0.05 m, mass 77.36±13.34 kg) participated in this study. Subjects performed a sit-to-stand movement from a chair while position of center of pressure and knee angular speed were recorded. Furthermore, maximal isokinetic knee extension and flexion strength at 60°/s, 120°/s and 150°/s was measured. Surface, electromyography (EMG) from the biceps femoris (BF), vastus lateralis (VL) and vastus medialis (VM) was recorded during all tests. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed that during the sit-to-stand OA group demonstrated significantly lower knee angular speed (44.49±9.61°/s vs. 71.68±19.86°/s), a more posterior position of the center of pressure (39.20±7.02% vs. 41.95±2.49%) and a higher antagonist BF activation (57.13±20.55% vs. 32.01±19.5%) compared with controls (p<0.05). Further, women with knee OA demonstrated a lower Moment-to-EMG ratio than controls in extension and eccentric flexion at 60°/s and 150°/s, while the opposite was found for concentric flexion at 60°/s (p<0.05). Among other factors, the slower performance of the sit-to-stand movement in women with OA is due to a less efficient use of the knee extensor muscles (less force per unit of EMG) and, perhaps, a higher BF antagonist co-activation. This may lead subjects with OA to adopt a different movement strategy compared with controls.