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Psychosocial stress exposure impairs memory retrieval in children.
Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2012 Jan; 37(1):125-36.P

Abstract

Negative consequences of stress on working memory and delayed memory retrieval have been observed in adult humans. Little is known about the occurrence of similar effects in children. Forty-four German full-term children, aged 8-10 years, were randomly assigned to a stressful (Trier Social Stress Test for Children--TSST-C) or to a non-stressful control condition. Afterwards, delayed memory retrieval was tested using a computerized version of the well-known card game "Memory". It contained positive, neutral and negative stimuli. In addition, working memory of verbal and non-verbal material was assessed. The stressed children showed pronounced cortisol increases accompanied by a decrease in mood. Children exposed to the stressor performed poorer in the delayed memory retrieval test (memory card game). They committed more errors. No differences were found for working memory. The stress-induced memory retrieval impairment mirrors findings in adults. In contrast, the missing working memory effects could suggest developmental differences in stress sensitivity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Cognitive Psychology, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21696892

Citation

Quesada, A A., et al. "Psychosocial Stress Exposure Impairs Memory Retrieval in Children." Psychoneuroendocrinology, vol. 37, no. 1, 2012, pp. 125-36.
Quesada AA, Wiemers US, Schoofs D, et al. Psychosocial stress exposure impairs memory retrieval in children. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2012;37(1):125-36.
Quesada, A. A., Wiemers, U. S., Schoofs, D., & Wolf, O. T. (2012). Psychosocial stress exposure impairs memory retrieval in children. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 37(1), 125-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2011.05.013
Quesada AA, et al. Psychosocial Stress Exposure Impairs Memory Retrieval in Children. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2012;37(1):125-36. PubMed PMID: 21696892.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychosocial stress exposure impairs memory retrieval in children. AU - Quesada,A A, AU - Wiemers,U S, AU - Schoofs,D, AU - Wolf,O T, Y1 - 2011/06/21/ PY - 2011/02/16/received PY - 2011/05/19/revised PY - 2011/05/23/accepted PY - 2011/6/24/entrez PY - 2011/6/24/pubmed PY - 2012/4/18/medline SP - 125 EP - 36 JF - Psychoneuroendocrinology JO - Psychoneuroendocrinology VL - 37 IS - 1 N2 - Negative consequences of stress on working memory and delayed memory retrieval have been observed in adult humans. Little is known about the occurrence of similar effects in children. Forty-four German full-term children, aged 8-10 years, were randomly assigned to a stressful (Trier Social Stress Test for Children--TSST-C) or to a non-stressful control condition. Afterwards, delayed memory retrieval was tested using a computerized version of the well-known card game "Memory". It contained positive, neutral and negative stimuli. In addition, working memory of verbal and non-verbal material was assessed. The stressed children showed pronounced cortisol increases accompanied by a decrease in mood. Children exposed to the stressor performed poorer in the delayed memory retrieval test (memory card game). They committed more errors. No differences were found for working memory. The stress-induced memory retrieval impairment mirrors findings in adults. In contrast, the missing working memory effects could suggest developmental differences in stress sensitivity. SN - 1873-3360 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21696892/Psychosocial_stress_exposure_impairs_memory_retrieval_in_children_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0306-4530(11)00166-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -