In-situ produced ascorbic acid as coreactant for an ultrasensitive solid-state tris(2,2'-bipyridyl) ruthenium(II) electrochemiluminescence aptasensor.Biosens Bioelectron. 2011 Aug 15; 26(12):4815-8.BB
Herein, an ultrasensitive solid-state tris(2,2'-bipyridyl) ruthenium(II) (Ru(bpy)(3)(2+)) electrochemiluminescence (ECL) aptasensor using in-situ produced ascorbic acid as coreactant was successfully constructed for detection of thrombin. Firstly, the composite of Ru(bpy)(3)(2+) and platinum nanoparticles (Ru-PtNPs) were immobilized onto Nafion coated glass carbon electrode, followed by successive adsorption of streptavidin-alkaine phosphatase conjugate (SA-ALP) and biotinylated anti-thrombin aptamer to successfully construct an ECL aptasensor for thrombin determination. In our design, Pt nanoparticles in Ru(bpy)(3)(2+)-Nafion film successfully inhibited the migration of Ru(bpy)(3)(2+) into the electrochemically hydrophobic region of Nafion and facilitated the electron transfer between Ru(bpy)(3)(2+) and electrode surface. Furthermore, ALP on the electrode surface could catalyze hydrolysis of ascorbic acid 2-phosphate to in-situ produce ascorbic acid, which co-reacted with Ru(bpy)(3)(2+) to obtain quite fast, stable and greatly amplified ECL signal. The experimental results indicated that the aptasensor exhibited good response for thrombin with excellent sensitivity, selectivity and stability. A linear range of 1 × 10(-15)-1 × 10(-8) M with an ultralow detection limit of 0.33 fM (S/N=3) was obtained. Thus, this procedure has great promise for detection of thrombin present at ultra-trace levels during early stage of diseases.