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Maternal feeding behaviour and young children's dietary quality: a cross-sectional study of socially disadvantaged mothers of two-year old children using the Theory of Planned Behaviour.
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2011 Jun 23; 8:65.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Having breakfast, eating food 'cooked from scratch' and eating together as a family have health and psychosocial benefits for young children. This study investigates how these parentally determined behaviours relate to children's dietary quality and uses a psychological model, the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), to investigate socio-cognitive predictors of these behaviours in socially disadvantaged mothers of young children in Scotland.

METHOD

Three hundred mothers of children aged 2 years (from 372 invited to participate, 81% response rate), recruited via General Practitioners, took part in home-based semi-structured interviews in a cross-sectional survey of maternal psychological factors related to their children's dietary quality. Regression analyses examined statistical predictors of maternal intentions and feeding behaviours.

RESULTS

Mothers of children with poorer quality diets were less likely than others to provide breakfast every day, cook from 'scratch' and provide 'proper sit-down meals'. TPB socio-cognitive factors (intentions, perceived behavioural control) significantly predicted these three behaviours, and attitudes, norms, and perceived behavioural control significantly predicted mothers' intentions, with medium to large effect sizes.

CONCLUSIONS

Interventions to improve young children's dietary health could benefit from a focus on modifying maternal motivations and attitudes in attempts to improve feeding behaviours.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, UK. vivien.swanson@stir.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21699714

Citation

Swanson, Vivien, et al. "Maternal Feeding Behaviour and Young Children's Dietary Quality: a Cross-sectional Study of Socially Disadvantaged Mothers of Two-year Old Children Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour." The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 8, 2011, p. 65.
Swanson V, Power KG, Crombie IK, et al. Maternal feeding behaviour and young children's dietary quality: a cross-sectional study of socially disadvantaged mothers of two-year old children using the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2011;8:65.
Swanson, V., Power, K. G., Crombie, I. K., Irvine, L., Kiezebrink, K., Wrieden, W., & Slane, P. W. (2011). Maternal feeding behaviour and young children's dietary quality: a cross-sectional study of socially disadvantaged mothers of two-year old children using the Theory of Planned Behaviour. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8, 65. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-8-65
Swanson V, et al. Maternal Feeding Behaviour and Young Children's Dietary Quality: a Cross-sectional Study of Socially Disadvantaged Mothers of Two-year Old Children Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2011 Jun 23;8:65. PubMed PMID: 21699714.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Maternal feeding behaviour and young children's dietary quality: a cross-sectional study of socially disadvantaged mothers of two-year old children using the Theory of Planned Behaviour. AU - Swanson,Vivien, AU - Power,Kevin G, AU - Crombie,Iain K, AU - Irvine,Linda, AU - Kiezebrink,Kirsty, AU - Wrieden,Wendy, AU - Slane,Peter W, Y1 - 2011/06/23/ PY - 2010/10/13/received PY - 2011/06/23/accepted PY - 2011/6/25/entrez PY - 2011/6/28/pubmed PY - 2011/12/13/medline SP - 65 EP - 65 JF - The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity JO - Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act VL - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: Having breakfast, eating food 'cooked from scratch' and eating together as a family have health and psychosocial benefits for young children. This study investigates how these parentally determined behaviours relate to children's dietary quality and uses a psychological model, the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), to investigate socio-cognitive predictors of these behaviours in socially disadvantaged mothers of young children in Scotland. METHOD: Three hundred mothers of children aged 2 years (from 372 invited to participate, 81% response rate), recruited via General Practitioners, took part in home-based semi-structured interviews in a cross-sectional survey of maternal psychological factors related to their children's dietary quality. Regression analyses examined statistical predictors of maternal intentions and feeding behaviours. RESULTS: Mothers of children with poorer quality diets were less likely than others to provide breakfast every day, cook from 'scratch' and provide 'proper sit-down meals'. TPB socio-cognitive factors (intentions, perceived behavioural control) significantly predicted these three behaviours, and attitudes, norms, and perceived behavioural control significantly predicted mothers' intentions, with medium to large effect sizes. CONCLUSIONS: Interventions to improve young children's dietary health could benefit from a focus on modifying maternal motivations and attitudes in attempts to improve feeding behaviours. SN - 1479-5868 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21699714/Maternal_feeding_behaviour_and_young_children's_dietary_quality:_a_cross_sectional_study_of_socially_disadvantaged_mothers_of_two_year_old_children_using_the_Theory_of_Planned_Behaviour_ L2 - https://ijbnpa.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1479-5868-8-65 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -