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Adolescents' support for smoke-free public settings: the roles of social norms and beliefs about exposure to secondhand smoke.
J Adolesc Health. 2011 Jul; 49(1):70-5.JA

Abstract

PURPOSE

To assess support for smoke-free policies in public settings among adolescent smokers and nonsmokers in a pro-smoking culture.

METHODS

A total of 1,924 Greek secondary school students (mean age = 14 years, standard deviation = 1.00, 50% female) from nine schools in the urban area of Thessaloniki, Greece, participated in the study. The main outcome measures were supportiveness of smoke-free policies in public settings.

RESULTS

Smoker adolescents were less supportive of smoke-free policies, compared with nonsmokers. Regression analysis showed that policy support was predicted by smoking status and motivation to smoke, social norms, and beliefs about the effects of smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke. A significant interaction between smoking status and social norms was also observed, as smoker adolescents who often encountered others smoking in public places reported less support for smoke-free public settings.

CONCLUSIONS

Three important processes underlying adolescents' support for smoke-free policies not mentioned in previous research were identified. First, social norms of the immediate social environment play a pivotal role in shaping policy support of young people. Second, the effects of smoking status on policy support are significantly moderated by exposure to public smoking. Finally, beliefs about the effects of exposure to secondhand smoke significantly predict young people's support for smoke-free public settings.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Risk, Cognition, and Well-Being Group, South-East European Research Centre, Thessaloniki, Greece. llazuras@seerc.orgNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21700160

Citation

Lazuras, Lambros, et al. "Adolescents' Support for Smoke-free Public Settings: the Roles of Social Norms and Beliefs About Exposure to Secondhand Smoke." The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, vol. 49, no. 1, 2011, pp. 70-5.
Lazuras L, Rodafinos A, Eiser JR. Adolescents' support for smoke-free public settings: the roles of social norms and beliefs about exposure to secondhand smoke. J Adolesc Health. 2011;49(1):70-5.
Lazuras, L., Rodafinos, A., & Eiser, J. R. (2011). Adolescents' support for smoke-free public settings: the roles of social norms and beliefs about exposure to secondhand smoke. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 49(1), 70-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.10.013
Lazuras L, Rodafinos A, Eiser JR. Adolescents' Support for Smoke-free Public Settings: the Roles of Social Norms and Beliefs About Exposure to Secondhand Smoke. J Adolesc Health. 2011;49(1):70-5. PubMed PMID: 21700160.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Adolescents' support for smoke-free public settings: the roles of social norms and beliefs about exposure to secondhand smoke. AU - Lazuras,Lambros, AU - Rodafinos,Angelos, AU - Eiser,J Richard, Y1 - 2011/03/12/ PY - 2010/03/23/received PY - 2010/10/26/revised PY - 2010/10/30/accepted PY - 2011/6/25/entrez PY - 2011/6/28/pubmed PY - 2011/11/9/medline SP - 70 EP - 5 JF - The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine JO - J Adolesc Health VL - 49 IS - 1 N2 - PURPOSE: To assess support for smoke-free policies in public settings among adolescent smokers and nonsmokers in a pro-smoking culture. METHODS: A total of 1,924 Greek secondary school students (mean age = 14 years, standard deviation = 1.00, 50% female) from nine schools in the urban area of Thessaloniki, Greece, participated in the study. The main outcome measures were supportiveness of smoke-free policies in public settings. RESULTS: Smoker adolescents were less supportive of smoke-free policies, compared with nonsmokers. Regression analysis showed that policy support was predicted by smoking status and motivation to smoke, social norms, and beliefs about the effects of smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke. A significant interaction between smoking status and social norms was also observed, as smoker adolescents who often encountered others smoking in public places reported less support for smoke-free public settings. CONCLUSIONS: Three important processes underlying adolescents' support for smoke-free policies not mentioned in previous research were identified. First, social norms of the immediate social environment play a pivotal role in shaping policy support of young people. Second, the effects of smoking status on policy support are significantly moderated by exposure to public smoking. Finally, beliefs about the effects of exposure to secondhand smoke significantly predict young people's support for smoke-free public settings. SN - 1879-1972 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21700160/Adolescents'_support_for_smoke_free_public_settings:_the_roles_of_social_norms_and_beliefs_about_exposure_to_secondhand_smoke_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1054-139X(10)00520-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -