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Visual and hearing impairment among rural elderly of south India: a community-based study.
Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2012 Jan; 12(1):116-22.GG

Abstract

AIM

Of India's population, 76.6 million (7.2%) are aged above 60 years. Increasing age is associated with increasing disability and functional impairments such as low vision, loss of mobility and hearing impairment. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to study the prevalence of hearing and visual impairment among a rural elderly population in South India and its association with selected variables.

METHODS

This was a cross-sectional study of elderly persons in two villages of Bangalore District, Karnataka, South India. Elderly persons identified were administered a questionnaire for assessment of demographic details, health and function related information. Visual acuity was checked using Snellen's E chart for distant vision. Hearing was assessed using pure tone audiometry.

RESULTS

Two hundred and fifty-seven (12.2%) of the population were elderly in these two villages. Seventy-two (32.4%) of the elderly persons were facing problems completely or partially in at least one of the activities and 10 (4.5%) elderly persons had cognitive impairment. Sixty-two (35.4%) of the elderly had low vision and 22 (12.6%) were blind. On assessment with pure tone audiometry, 117 (66.9%) of the elderly persons had some degree of hearing impairment. Forty-three (24.6%) of the elderly had disabling hearing impairment. Forty-seven (26.9%) of the elderly had combined low vision associated with hearing impairment and 18 (10.2%) had combined blindness along with hearing impairment. As age advanced there was a significant increase in visual, hearing and combined impairments.

CONCLUSION

Visual and hearing impairment are important health problems among elderly persons in rural areas of South India.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Community Medicine, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Sri Devaraj Academy of Higher Education and Research, Kolar, India. drdeepthikiran@gmail.comNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21702873

Citation

R, Deepthi, and Arvind Kasthuri. "Visual and Hearing Impairment Among Rural Elderly of South India: a Community-based Study." Geriatrics & Gerontology International, vol. 12, no. 1, 2012, pp. 116-22.
R D, Kasthuri A. Visual and hearing impairment among rural elderly of south India: a community-based study. Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2012;12(1):116-22.
R, D., & Kasthuri, A. (2012). Visual and hearing impairment among rural elderly of south India: a community-based study. Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 12(1), 116-22. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1447-0594.2011.00720.x
R D, Kasthuri A. Visual and Hearing Impairment Among Rural Elderly of South India: a Community-based Study. Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2012;12(1):116-22. PubMed PMID: 21702873.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Visual and hearing impairment among rural elderly of south India: a community-based study. AU - R,Deepthi, AU - Kasthuri,Arvind, Y1 - 2011/06/27/ PY - 2011/6/28/entrez PY - 2011/6/28/pubmed PY - 2012/5/23/medline SP - 116 EP - 22 JF - Geriatrics & gerontology international JO - Geriatr Gerontol Int VL - 12 IS - 1 N2 - AIM: Of India's population, 76.6 million (7.2%) are aged above 60 years. Increasing age is associated with increasing disability and functional impairments such as low vision, loss of mobility and hearing impairment. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to study the prevalence of hearing and visual impairment among a rural elderly population in South India and its association with selected variables. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of elderly persons in two villages of Bangalore District, Karnataka, South India. Elderly persons identified were administered a questionnaire for assessment of demographic details, health and function related information. Visual acuity was checked using Snellen's E chart for distant vision. Hearing was assessed using pure tone audiometry. RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty-seven (12.2%) of the population were elderly in these two villages. Seventy-two (32.4%) of the elderly persons were facing problems completely or partially in at least one of the activities and 10 (4.5%) elderly persons had cognitive impairment. Sixty-two (35.4%) of the elderly had low vision and 22 (12.6%) were blind. On assessment with pure tone audiometry, 117 (66.9%) of the elderly persons had some degree of hearing impairment. Forty-three (24.6%) of the elderly had disabling hearing impairment. Forty-seven (26.9%) of the elderly had combined low vision associated with hearing impairment and 18 (10.2%) had combined blindness along with hearing impairment. As age advanced there was a significant increase in visual, hearing and combined impairments. CONCLUSION: Visual and hearing impairment are important health problems among elderly persons in rural areas of South India. SN - 1447-0594 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21702873/Visual_and_hearing_impairment_among_rural_elderly_of_south_India:_a_community-based_study L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1447-0594.2011.00720.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -