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Longitudinal association of physical activity and sedentary behavior during leisure time with health-related quality of life in community-dwelling older adults.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Evidence on the relation between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in older adults is based primarily on clinical trials of physical exercise programs in institutionalized persons and on cross-sectional studies of community-dwelling persons. Moreover, there is no evidence on whether leisure-time sedentary behavior (LTSB) is associated with HRQoL independently of LTPA. This study examined the longitudinal association between LTPA, LTSB, and HRQoL in older community-dwelling adults in Spain.

METHODS

Prospective cohort study of 1,097 persons aged 62 and over. In 2003 LTPA in MET-hr/week was measured with a validated questionnaire, and LTSB was estimated by the number of sitting hours per week. In 2009 HRQoL was measured with the SF-36 questionnaire. Analyses were done with linear regression and adjusted for the main confounders.

RESULTS

Compared with those who did no LTPA, subjects in the upper quartile of LTPA had better scores on the SF-36 scales of physical functioning (β 5.65; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.32-9.98; p linear trend < 0.001), physical role (β 7.38; 95% CI 0.16-14.93; p linear trend < 0.001), bodily pain (β 6.92; 95% CI 1.86-11.98; p linear trend < 0.01), vitality (β 5.09; 95% CI 0.76-9.41; p linear trend < 0.004) social functioning (β 7.83; 95% CI 2.89-12.75; p linear trend < 0.001), emotional role (β 8.59; 95% CI 1.97-15.21; p linear trend < 0.02) and mental health (β 4.20; 95% CI 0.26-8.13; p linear trend < 0.06). As suggested by previous work in this field, these associations were clinically relevant because the β regression coefficients were higher than 3 points. Finally, the number of sitting hours showed a gradual and inverse relation with the scores on most of the SF-36 scales, which was also clinically relevant.

CONCLUSIONS

Greater LTPA and less LTSB were independently associated with better long-term HRQoL in older adults.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid/IdiPAZ-CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21708011

Citation

Balboa-Castillo, Teresa, et al. "Longitudinal Association of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior During Leisure Time With Health-related Quality of Life in Community-dwelling Older Adults." Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, vol. 9, 2011, p. 47.
Balboa-Castillo T, León-Muñoz LM, Graciani A, et al. Longitudinal association of physical activity and sedentary behavior during leisure time with health-related quality of life in community-dwelling older adults. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2011;9:47.
Balboa-Castillo, T., León-Muñoz, L. M., Graciani, A., Rodríguez-Artalejo, F., & Guallar-Castillón, P. (2011). Longitudinal association of physical activity and sedentary behavior during leisure time with health-related quality of life in community-dwelling older adults. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 9, p. 47. doi:10.1186/1477-7525-9-47.
Balboa-Castillo T, et al. Longitudinal Association of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior During Leisure Time With Health-related Quality of Life in Community-dwelling Older Adults. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2011 Jun 27;9:47. PubMed PMID: 21708011.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Longitudinal association of physical activity and sedentary behavior during leisure time with health-related quality of life in community-dwelling older adults. AU - Balboa-Castillo,Teresa, AU - León-Muñoz,Luz M, AU - Graciani,Auxiliadora, AU - Rodríguez-Artalejo,Fernando, AU - Guallar-Castillón,Pilar, Y1 - 2011/06/27/ PY - 2011/02/02/received PY - 2011/06/27/accepted PY - 2011/6/29/entrez PY - 2011/6/29/pubmed PY - 2011/12/13/medline SP - 47 EP - 47 JF - Health and quality of life outcomes JO - Health Qual Life Outcomes VL - 9 N2 - BACKGROUND: Evidence on the relation between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in older adults is based primarily on clinical trials of physical exercise programs in institutionalized persons and on cross-sectional studies of community-dwelling persons. Moreover, there is no evidence on whether leisure-time sedentary behavior (LTSB) is associated with HRQoL independently of LTPA. This study examined the longitudinal association between LTPA, LTSB, and HRQoL in older community-dwelling adults in Spain. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of 1,097 persons aged 62 and over. In 2003 LTPA in MET-hr/week was measured with a validated questionnaire, and LTSB was estimated by the number of sitting hours per week. In 2009 HRQoL was measured with the SF-36 questionnaire. Analyses were done with linear regression and adjusted for the main confounders. RESULTS: Compared with those who did no LTPA, subjects in the upper quartile of LTPA had better scores on the SF-36 scales of physical functioning (β 5.65; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.32-9.98; p linear trend < 0.001), physical role (β 7.38; 95% CI 0.16-14.93; p linear trend < 0.001), bodily pain (β 6.92; 95% CI 1.86-11.98; p linear trend < 0.01), vitality (β 5.09; 95% CI 0.76-9.41; p linear trend < 0.004) social functioning (β 7.83; 95% CI 2.89-12.75; p linear trend < 0.001), emotional role (β 8.59; 95% CI 1.97-15.21; p linear trend < 0.02) and mental health (β 4.20; 95% CI 0.26-8.13; p linear trend < 0.06). As suggested by previous work in this field, these associations were clinically relevant because the β regression coefficients were higher than 3 points. Finally, the number of sitting hours showed a gradual and inverse relation with the scores on most of the SF-36 scales, which was also clinically relevant. CONCLUSIONS: Greater LTPA and less LTSB were independently associated with better long-term HRQoL in older adults. SN - 1477-7525 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21708011/Longitudinal_association_of_physical_activity_and_sedentary_behavior_during_leisure_time_with_health_related_quality_of_life_in_community_dwelling_older_adults_ L2 - https://hqlo.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1477-7525-9-47 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -