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Yoga therapy as an adjunctive treatment for schizophrenia: a randomized, controlled pilot study.
J Altern Complement Med 2011; 17(7):601-7JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

There has been limited study of therapeutic yoga as a complementary treatment for schizophrenia. This study investigates the effects of a Yoga Therapy program on symptomatology and quality of life in adults with schizophrenia in a state psychiatric facility.

METHODS

In a randomized, controlled pilot study, 18 clinically stable patients (12 men and 6 women) with schizophrenia (mean age=42±13.5) were randomized to an 8-week Yoga Therapy program (YT) and a Waitlist group (WL). YT intervention included yoga postures, breathing exercises, and relaxation. At baseline and at 8 weeks, symptomatology was measured using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). Secondary efficacy outcomes were measured with the World Health Organization Quality of Life BREF questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF).

RESULTS

The YT group obtained significant improvements in positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia symptoms compared to WL, including PANSS scores on positive syndrome (t=-2.64, p=0.02), negative syndrome (t=-3.04, p<0.01), general psychopathology (t=-3.74, p<0.00), activation (t=-2.29, p<0.04), paranoia (t=-2.89, p<0.01), and depression subscales (t=-2.62, p<0.02). PANSS total scores also decreased for the YT group (t=-4.54, p<0.00). YT had improved perceived quality of life in physical (t=2.38, p<0.04) and psychologic domains (t=2.88, p<0.01).

CONCLUSIONS

Adults with schizophrenia being treated in a state psychiatric facility who participated in an 8-week therapeutic yoga program showed significant improvements in psychopathology and quality of life compared with controls. The findings of this study need to be confirmed in larger, more sufficiently powered studies with active control groups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

evisceglia@gmail.comNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21711202

Citation

Visceglia, Elizabeth, and Stephen Lewis. "Yoga Therapy as an Adjunctive Treatment for Schizophrenia: a Randomized, Controlled Pilot Study." Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.), vol. 17, no. 7, 2011, pp. 601-7.
Visceglia E, Lewis S. Yoga therapy as an adjunctive treatment for schizophrenia: a randomized, controlled pilot study. J Altern Complement Med. 2011;17(7):601-7.
Visceglia, E., & Lewis, S. (2011). Yoga therapy as an adjunctive treatment for schizophrenia: a randomized, controlled pilot study. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.), 17(7), pp. 601-7. doi:10.1089/acm.2010.0075.
Visceglia E, Lewis S. Yoga Therapy as an Adjunctive Treatment for Schizophrenia: a Randomized, Controlled Pilot Study. J Altern Complement Med. 2011;17(7):601-7. PubMed PMID: 21711202.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Yoga therapy as an adjunctive treatment for schizophrenia: a randomized, controlled pilot study. AU - Visceglia,Elizabeth, AU - Lewis,Stephen, PY - 2011/6/30/entrez PY - 2011/6/30/pubmed PY - 2011/10/14/medline SP - 601 EP - 7 JF - Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) JO - J Altern Complement Med VL - 17 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVES: There has been limited study of therapeutic yoga as a complementary treatment for schizophrenia. This study investigates the effects of a Yoga Therapy program on symptomatology and quality of life in adults with schizophrenia in a state psychiatric facility. METHODS: In a randomized, controlled pilot study, 18 clinically stable patients (12 men and 6 women) with schizophrenia (mean age=42±13.5) were randomized to an 8-week Yoga Therapy program (YT) and a Waitlist group (WL). YT intervention included yoga postures, breathing exercises, and relaxation. At baseline and at 8 weeks, symptomatology was measured using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). Secondary efficacy outcomes were measured with the World Health Organization Quality of Life BREF questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF). RESULTS: The YT group obtained significant improvements in positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia symptoms compared to WL, including PANSS scores on positive syndrome (t=-2.64, p=0.02), negative syndrome (t=-3.04, p<0.01), general psychopathology (t=-3.74, p<0.00), activation (t=-2.29, p<0.04), paranoia (t=-2.89, p<0.01), and depression subscales (t=-2.62, p<0.02). PANSS total scores also decreased for the YT group (t=-4.54, p<0.00). YT had improved perceived quality of life in physical (t=2.38, p<0.04) and psychologic domains (t=2.88, p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Adults with schizophrenia being treated in a state psychiatric facility who participated in an 8-week therapeutic yoga program showed significant improvements in psychopathology and quality of life compared with controls. The findings of this study need to be confirmed in larger, more sufficiently powered studies with active control groups. SN - 1557-7708 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21711202/Yoga_therapy_as_an_adjunctive_treatment_for_schizophrenia:_a_randomized_controlled_pilot_study_ L2 - https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/acm.2010.0075?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -