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Endemic systemic mycoses: coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, paracoccidioidomycosis and blastomycosis.
J Dtsch Dermatol Ges. 2011 Sep; 9(9):705-14; quiz 715.JD

Abstract

Endemic deep or systemic mycoses are common in specific geographical areas of the world. Coccidioidomycosis is present in semi-desert areas, histoplasmosis and paracoccidioidomycosis in tropical regions and blastomycosis belongs to temperate climates. The two former are widely distributed in the American continent and some tropical regions of the world; the third is limited to Central and South America, and the last to North America and Central and East Africa. These mycoses all have a similar pathogenesis, as the inoculum enters the host through the respiratory tract. Cutaneous manifestations are secondary to lymphatic and hematogenous dissemination. These deep mycoses are exceptional in Europe. Most cases are observed in returning travelers from endemic areas, aid workers, archaeologists, speleologist and immigrants. However, there have been some autochthonous cases of histoplasmosis due to Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum reported in European countries such as Italy and Germany. In this article, we provide up-to-date epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic data on the four most important imported systemic mycoses in Europe.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departamento de Micología, Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital General de México, Ciudad de México.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng ger

PubMed ID

21722309

Citation

Bonifaz, Alexandro, et al. "Endemic Systemic Mycoses: Coccidioidomycosis, Histoplasmosis, Paracoccidioidomycosis and Blastomycosis." Journal Der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft = Journal of the German Society of Dermatology : JDDG, vol. 9, no. 9, 2011, pp. 705-14; quiz 715.
Bonifaz A, Vázquez-González D, Perusquía-Ortiz AM. Endemic systemic mycoses: coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, paracoccidioidomycosis and blastomycosis. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges. 2011;9(9):705-14; quiz 715.
Bonifaz, A., Vázquez-González, D., & Perusquía-Ortiz, A. M. (2011). Endemic systemic mycoses: coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, paracoccidioidomycosis and blastomycosis. Journal Der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft = Journal of the German Society of Dermatology : JDDG, 9(9), 705-14; quiz 715. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1610-0387.2011.07731.x
Bonifaz A, Vázquez-González D, Perusquía-Ortiz AM. Endemic Systemic Mycoses: Coccidioidomycosis, Histoplasmosis, Paracoccidioidomycosis and Blastomycosis. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges. 2011;9(9):705-14; quiz 715. PubMed PMID: 21722309.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Endemic systemic mycoses: coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, paracoccidioidomycosis and blastomycosis. AU - Bonifaz,Alexandro, AU - Vázquez-González,Denisse, AU - Perusquía-Ortiz,Ana María, Y1 - 2011/07/04/ PY - 2011/7/5/entrez PY - 2011/7/5/pubmed PY - 2012/3/23/medline SP - 705-14; quiz 715 JF - Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft = Journal of the German Society of Dermatology : JDDG JO - J Dtsch Dermatol Ges VL - 9 IS - 9 N2 - Endemic deep or systemic mycoses are common in specific geographical areas of the world. Coccidioidomycosis is present in semi-desert areas, histoplasmosis and paracoccidioidomycosis in tropical regions and blastomycosis belongs to temperate climates. The two former are widely distributed in the American continent and some tropical regions of the world; the third is limited to Central and South America, and the last to North America and Central and East Africa. These mycoses all have a similar pathogenesis, as the inoculum enters the host through the respiratory tract. Cutaneous manifestations are secondary to lymphatic and hematogenous dissemination. These deep mycoses are exceptional in Europe. Most cases are observed in returning travelers from endemic areas, aid workers, archaeologists, speleologist and immigrants. However, there have been some autochthonous cases of histoplasmosis due to Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum reported in European countries such as Italy and Germany. In this article, we provide up-to-date epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic data on the four most important imported systemic mycoses in Europe. SN - 1610-0387 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21722309/Endemic_systemic_mycoses:_coccidioidomycosis_histoplasmosis_paracoccidioidomycosis_and_blastomycosis_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1610-0387.2011.07731.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -