Topoisomerase II alpha expression and the Ki-67 labeling index correlate with prognostic factors in estrogen receptor-positive and human epidermal growth factor type-2-negative breast cancer.Breast Cancer. 2012 Oct; 19(4):309-14.BC
Topoisomerase II alpha (Topo IIa) is involved in DNA replication and is a molecular target for anthracycline-based chemotherapy. The Ki-67 labeling index (LI) is an evaluation of tumor cell proliferation. The objective of this study was to evaluate relationships among Topo IIa expression, the Ki-67 LI, and prognostic factors in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, human epidermal growth factor type-2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Seventy-one patients were diagnosed with ER-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer between July 2003 and December 2004. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor specimens were stained for Topo IIa expression and Ki-67 LI. We investigated the correlation of the level of Topo IIa expression and the Ki-67 LI with clinical factors such as age, tumor size, progesterone receptor status, nodal status, nuclear grade, and lymphovascular invasion (LVI).
Statistically significant differences were observed between Topo IIa overexpression, nuclear grade (p = 0.036), and LVI (p = 0.029). Topo IIa overexpression was statistically correlated with the Ki-67 LI (p < 0.0001). A statistically significant difference was observed between the Ki-67 LI and nuclear grade (p = 0.01). Survival analysis revealed the significant prognostic value of Ki-67 LI in patients with ER-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer (p = 0.003).
Ki-67 LI is a strong prognostic factor in ER-positive HER2-negative breast cancer. Topo IIa overexpression was significantly correlated with the Ki-67 LI, nuclear grade, and LVI. These findings suggest use of Topo IIa expression as a proliferation marker and a prognostic factor in ER-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer.