Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Affective mediators of intergroup contact: a three-wave longitudinal study in South Africa.
J Pers Soc Psychol. 2011 Dec; 101(6):1221-38.JP

Abstract

Intergroup contact (especially cross-group friendship) is firmly established as a powerful strategy for combating group-based prejudice (Pettigrew & Tropp, 2006). Great advances have been made in understanding how contact reduces prejudice (Brown & Hewstone, 2005), highlighting the importance of affective mediators (Pettigrew & Tropp, 2008). The present study, a 3-wave longitudinal study undertaken among minority-status Colored high school children in South Africa (N = 465), explored the full mediation of the effects of cross-group friendships on positive outgroup attitudes, perceived outgroup variability, and negative action tendencies via positive (affective empathy) and negative (intergroup anxiety) affective mediators simultaneously. The target group was the majority-status White South African outgroup. As predicted, a bidirectional model described the relationship between contact, mediators, and prejudice significantly better over time than either autoregressive or unidirectional longitudinal models. However, full longitudinal mediation was only found in the direction from Time 1 contact to Time 3 prejudice (via Time 2 mediators), supporting the underlying tenet of the contact hypothesis. Specifically, cross-group friendships were positively associated with positive outgroup attitudes (via affective empathy) and perceived outgroup variability (via intergroup anxiety and affective empathy) and were negatively associated with negative action tendencies (via affective empathy). Following Pettigrew and Tropp (2008), we compared two alternative hypotheses regarding the relationship between intergroup anxiety and affective empathy over time. Time 1 intergroup anxiety was indirectly negatively associated with Time 3 affective empathy, via Time 2 cross-group friendships. We discuss the theoretical and empirical contributions of this study and make suggestions for future research.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa. hswart@sun.ac.zaNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21728450

Citation

Swart, Hermann, et al. "Affective Mediators of Intergroup Contact: a Three-wave Longitudinal Study in South Africa." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 101, no. 6, 2011, pp. 1221-38.
Swart H, Hewstone M, Christ O, et al. Affective mediators of intergroup contact: a three-wave longitudinal study in South Africa. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2011;101(6):1221-38.
Swart, H., Hewstone, M., Christ, O., & Voci, A. (2011). Affective mediators of intergroup contact: a three-wave longitudinal study in South Africa. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(6), 1221-38. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024450
Swart H, et al. Affective Mediators of Intergroup Contact: a Three-wave Longitudinal Study in South Africa. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2011;101(6):1221-38. PubMed PMID: 21728450.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Affective mediators of intergroup contact: a three-wave longitudinal study in South Africa. AU - Swart,Hermann, AU - Hewstone,Miles, AU - Christ,Oliver, AU - Voci,Alberto, Y1 - 2011/07/04/ PY - 2011/7/7/entrez PY - 2011/7/7/pubmed PY - 2012/4/20/medline SP - 1221 EP - 38 JF - Journal of personality and social psychology JO - J Pers Soc Psychol VL - 101 IS - 6 N2 - Intergroup contact (especially cross-group friendship) is firmly established as a powerful strategy for combating group-based prejudice (Pettigrew & Tropp, 2006). Great advances have been made in understanding how contact reduces prejudice (Brown & Hewstone, 2005), highlighting the importance of affective mediators (Pettigrew & Tropp, 2008). The present study, a 3-wave longitudinal study undertaken among minority-status Colored high school children in South Africa (N = 465), explored the full mediation of the effects of cross-group friendships on positive outgroup attitudes, perceived outgroup variability, and negative action tendencies via positive (affective empathy) and negative (intergroup anxiety) affective mediators simultaneously. The target group was the majority-status White South African outgroup. As predicted, a bidirectional model described the relationship between contact, mediators, and prejudice significantly better over time than either autoregressive or unidirectional longitudinal models. However, full longitudinal mediation was only found in the direction from Time 1 contact to Time 3 prejudice (via Time 2 mediators), supporting the underlying tenet of the contact hypothesis. Specifically, cross-group friendships were positively associated with positive outgroup attitudes (via affective empathy) and perceived outgroup variability (via intergroup anxiety and affective empathy) and were negatively associated with negative action tendencies (via affective empathy). Following Pettigrew and Tropp (2008), we compared two alternative hypotheses regarding the relationship between intergroup anxiety and affective empathy over time. Time 1 intergroup anxiety was indirectly negatively associated with Time 3 affective empathy, via Time 2 cross-group friendships. We discuss the theoretical and empirical contributions of this study and make suggestions for future research. SN - 1939-1315 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21728450/Affective_mediators_of_intergroup_contact:_a_three_wave_longitudinal_study_in_South_Africa_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/psp/101/6/1221 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -