Oral ulcers and necrotizing gingivitis in relation to HIV-associated neutropenia: a review and an illustrative case.AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2012 Apr; 28(4):346-51.AR
An unusual case of necrotizing gingivitis and neutropenic oral ulcers in an HIV-seropositive patient is presented. In spite of a very low CD4(+) T cell count and severe neutropenia, the necrotizing gingivitis responded favorably to standard periodontal treatment, and the oral ulcers healed after administration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Nonspecific oral ulcers in HIV-seropositive subjects with neutropenia should be regarded as neutropenic ulcers. The term nonspecific ulcers should be restricted to those ulcers with nonspecific histopathological features in patients without neutropenia or a nutritional deficiency such as iron, folic acid, and vitamin B.