Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Evaluation of the effect of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT or Kegel exercise) and assisted pelvic floor muscle training (APFMT) by a resistance device (Kegelmaster device) on the urinary incontinence in women: a randomized trial.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2011 Nov; 159(1):218-23.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the effect of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) or Kegel exercise with and without assistance by a resistance device (Kegelmaster device) on the urinary incontinence in women.

STUDY DESIGN

A randomized clinical trial was performed on 91 women with the complaint of urinary incontinence. In the assisted pelvic floor muscle training (APFMT) group (n=41), after complete training, Kegelmaster device were used twice daily for 15 min each session, for a total duration of 12 weeks. In the pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) group (n=50) after complete training, kegel exercises were done (including perineal muscle contractions for 6-8s with 6s rest in between), twice daily for 15 min each session and for a total duration of 12 weeks. These two groups were then compared according to the scores of special questionnaires for quality of life, strength of pelvic floor muscles, capability to participate in social activities, severity of urinary incontinence, and the number of involuntary urine passage, taken before, and after 1 and 3 months after finishing interventions.

RESULTS

85 women out of 91 women finished the study (46 in the PFMT group and 39 in the APFMT group). Strength of pelvic floor muscles, capability to participate in social activities, score of quality of life according to three world questionnaires of IQOL (incontinence Quality Of Life), IIQ (Incontinence Impact Questionnaire), UDI (Urogenital Distress Inventory), showed no difference between the two groups 1 and 3 months after interventions. Pair t test showed a significant improvement in both groups 1 and 3 months after intervention, according to IQOL score (P=0.000), UDI score (P=0.000), IIQ score (P=0.000), strength of pelvic floor muscles, (P=0.000), capability to participate in social activities (P=0.000), severity of urinary incontinence (P=0.000) and the number of involuntary urine passage (P=0.000).

CONCLUSION

Pelvic floor muscle training with or without Kegelmaster show no apparent difference to each other, however, these two methods are effective for improvement of urinary incontinence in women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Akbarabadi Teaching Hospital, Tehran, Iran. maryamkashanian@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21741151

Citation

Kashanian, Maryam, et al. "Evaluation of the Effect of Pelvic Floor Muscle Training (PFMT or Kegel Exercise) and Assisted Pelvic Floor Muscle Training (APFMT) By a Resistance Device (Kegelmaster Device) On the Urinary Incontinence in Women: a Randomized Trial." European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, vol. 159, no. 1, 2011, pp. 218-23.
Kashanian M, Ali SS, Nazemi M, et al. Evaluation of the effect of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT or Kegel exercise) and assisted pelvic floor muscle training (APFMT) by a resistance device (Kegelmaster device) on the urinary incontinence in women: a randomized trial. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2011;159(1):218-23.
Kashanian, M., Ali, S. S., Nazemi, M., & Bahasadri, S. (2011). Evaluation of the effect of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT or Kegel exercise) and assisted pelvic floor muscle training (APFMT) by a resistance device (Kegelmaster device) on the urinary incontinence in women: a randomized trial. European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, 159(1), 218-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2011.06.037
Kashanian M, et al. Evaluation of the Effect of Pelvic Floor Muscle Training (PFMT or Kegel Exercise) and Assisted Pelvic Floor Muscle Training (APFMT) By a Resistance Device (Kegelmaster Device) On the Urinary Incontinence in Women: a Randomized Trial. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2011;159(1):218-23. PubMed PMID: 21741151.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of the effect of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT or Kegel exercise) and assisted pelvic floor muscle training (APFMT) by a resistance device (Kegelmaster device) on the urinary incontinence in women: a randomized trial. AU - Kashanian,Maryam, AU - Ali,Shadab Shah, AU - Nazemi,Mitra, AU - Bahasadri,Shohreh, Y1 - 2011/07/07/ PY - 2010/09/01/received PY - 2011/05/19/revised PY - 2011/06/09/accepted PY - 2011/7/12/entrez PY - 2011/7/12/pubmed PY - 2012/3/29/medline SP - 218 EP - 23 JF - European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology JO - Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol VL - 159 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) or Kegel exercise with and without assistance by a resistance device (Kegelmaster device) on the urinary incontinence in women. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial was performed on 91 women with the complaint of urinary incontinence. In the assisted pelvic floor muscle training (APFMT) group (n=41), after complete training, Kegelmaster device were used twice daily for 15 min each session, for a total duration of 12 weeks. In the pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) group (n=50) after complete training, kegel exercises were done (including perineal muscle contractions for 6-8s with 6s rest in between), twice daily for 15 min each session and for a total duration of 12 weeks. These two groups were then compared according to the scores of special questionnaires for quality of life, strength of pelvic floor muscles, capability to participate in social activities, severity of urinary incontinence, and the number of involuntary urine passage, taken before, and after 1 and 3 months after finishing interventions. RESULTS: 85 women out of 91 women finished the study (46 in the PFMT group and 39 in the APFMT group). Strength of pelvic floor muscles, capability to participate in social activities, score of quality of life according to three world questionnaires of IQOL (incontinence Quality Of Life), IIQ (Incontinence Impact Questionnaire), UDI (Urogenital Distress Inventory), showed no difference between the two groups 1 and 3 months after interventions. Pair t test showed a significant improvement in both groups 1 and 3 months after intervention, according to IQOL score (P=0.000), UDI score (P=0.000), IIQ score (P=0.000), strength of pelvic floor muscles, (P=0.000), capability to participate in social activities (P=0.000), severity of urinary incontinence (P=0.000) and the number of involuntary urine passage (P=0.000). CONCLUSION: Pelvic floor muscle training with or without Kegelmaster show no apparent difference to each other, however, these two methods are effective for improvement of urinary incontinence in women. SN - 1872-7654 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21741151/Evaluation_of_the_effect_of_pelvic_floor_muscle_training__PFMT_or_Kegel_exercise__and_assisted_pelvic_floor_muscle_training__APFMT__by_a_resistance_device__Kegelmaster_device__on_the_urinary_incontinence_in_women:_a_randomized_trial_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301-2115(11)00395-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -