Feedback to clinicians on preventable factors can reduce hospital onset Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia rates.J Hosp Infect 2011; 79(2):108-14JH
Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, yet there are limited data on preventable factors. This study aimed to evaluate SAB episodes at a tertiary care hospital; to identify factors that, if avoided, might have prevented the episode of SAB; and to provide feedback to treating clinicians. Of 187 episodes of SAB over 19 months 59.9% were caused by meticillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) and 40.1% meticillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), 65.8% of SAB were healthcare-associated (HA) and 34.2% were community-acquired. Seven- and 30-day mortality rates, overall, were 11.2% and 20.9% respectively. At least one preventable factor was identified in 50.4% of HA-SAB episodes, including recent nosocomial MRSA acquisition in 53.7% MRSAB episodes and one or more factors associated with intravenous access in at least 24.3% of HA (35.7% of hospital onset) cases. SAB was more likely to be associated with at least one identifiable, preventable factor in surgical than in medical inpatients (86.2% vs 54.5%, P=0.004). Patients with HA-MRSAB were more likely than those with HA-MSSAB to require intensive care unit admission (44.4% vs 18.8%, P=0.003). Identifying and addressing preventable factors will better target resources for prevention of SAB. Feedback about preventable factors was associated with a reduction in HA-SAB rates from 0.29 to 0.20 per 1000 occupied bed-days, from 2008 to 2009.