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Attachment and infant night waking: a longitudinal study from birth through the first year of life.
J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2011 Nov; 32(9):635-43.JD

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

: Night wakings are common in infancy. Although a link between infant night wakings and attachment to the primary caregiver has been previously proposed, empirical support is limited so far. The aim of this longitudinal study was to examine the early history of night waking in infants who were later classified as securely or insecurely (avoidantly, resistantly, or disorganized) attached.

METHODS

: Participants in the study were 193 infants and their mothers. Information on infant night wakings was collected with the use of daily sleep diaries for the first 6 months of life and again for 2 weeks at 12 months of age. Infant-mother attachment was assessed using the Strange Situation (Ainsworth et al, Patterns of Attachment: A Psychological Study of the Strange Situation. New York: Hillsdale; 1978) when the infants were 12 months of age.

RESULTS

: Longitudinal regression analyses showed that, after controlling for many covariates, infants with an insecure-resistant attachment at 12 months of age awoke more during the night in their first 6 months of life than the other infants. Furthermore, infants with different attachment classifications developed different patterns of night wakings over the first 6 months, with the insecure-avoidant infants waking the least toward the end of the 6 months. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed no associations between attachment and night wakings at 12 months of age.

CONCLUSION

: This study is the first in showing that attachment at 12 months of age is related to infant night waking patterns in the first 6 months of life. Patterns of infant night wakings early in life apparently reflect the emerging attachment relationship.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Developmental Psychology, Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands. r.beijers@psych.ru.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21743349

Citation

Beijers, Roseriet, et al. "Attachment and Infant Night Waking: a Longitudinal Study From Birth Through the First Year of Life." Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics : JDBP, vol. 32, no. 9, 2011, pp. 635-43.
Beijers R, Jansen J, Riksen-Walraven M, et al. Attachment and infant night waking: a longitudinal study from birth through the first year of life. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2011;32(9):635-43.
Beijers, R., Jansen, J., Riksen-Walraven, M., & de Weerth, C. (2011). Attachment and infant night waking: a longitudinal study from birth through the first year of life. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics : JDBP, 32(9), 635-43. https://doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0b013e318228888d
Beijers R, et al. Attachment and Infant Night Waking: a Longitudinal Study From Birth Through the First Year of Life. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2011;32(9):635-43. PubMed PMID: 21743349.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Attachment and infant night waking: a longitudinal study from birth through the first year of life. AU - Beijers,Roseriet, AU - Jansen,Jarno, AU - Riksen-Walraven,Marianne, AU - de Weerth,Carolina, PY - 2011/7/12/entrez PY - 2011/7/12/pubmed PY - 2012/4/7/medline SP - 635 EP - 43 JF - Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP JO - J Dev Behav Pediatr VL - 32 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: : Night wakings are common in infancy. Although a link between infant night wakings and attachment to the primary caregiver has been previously proposed, empirical support is limited so far. The aim of this longitudinal study was to examine the early history of night waking in infants who were later classified as securely or insecurely (avoidantly, resistantly, or disorganized) attached. METHODS: : Participants in the study were 193 infants and their mothers. Information on infant night wakings was collected with the use of daily sleep diaries for the first 6 months of life and again for 2 weeks at 12 months of age. Infant-mother attachment was assessed using the Strange Situation (Ainsworth et al, Patterns of Attachment: A Psychological Study of the Strange Situation. New York: Hillsdale; 1978) when the infants were 12 months of age. RESULTS: : Longitudinal regression analyses showed that, after controlling for many covariates, infants with an insecure-resistant attachment at 12 months of age awoke more during the night in their first 6 months of life than the other infants. Furthermore, infants with different attachment classifications developed different patterns of night wakings over the first 6 months, with the insecure-avoidant infants waking the least toward the end of the 6 months. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed no associations between attachment and night wakings at 12 months of age. CONCLUSION: : This study is the first in showing that attachment at 12 months of age is related to infant night waking patterns in the first 6 months of life. Patterns of infant night wakings early in life apparently reflect the emerging attachment relationship. SN - 1536-7312 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21743349/Attachment_and_infant_night_waking:_a_longitudinal_study_from_birth_through_the_first_year_of_life_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0b013e318228888d DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -