The levels of bone turnover markers in Chinese postmenopausal women: Peking Vertebral Fracture study.Menopause. 2011 Nov; 18(11):1237-43.M
The aim of this study was to evaluate serum N-aminoterminal propeptide of type I collagen (P1NP), C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (β-CTX), and vitamin D status in healthy Chinese postmenopausal women. The study was also designed to investigate their possible relationships with osteoporosis phenotypes.
A community-based population of 1,724 postmenopausal women in Beijing was randomly selected. Serum bone turnover markers and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] were tested by an automated Roche electrochemiluminescence system. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry was used to measure bone mineral density (BMD).
The mean (SD) values of serum β-CTX and P1NP were 0.439 (0.210) and 56.7 (27.9) ng/mL, respectively. The 25(OH)D level of postmenopausal women in Beijing was remarkably low (13.2 ± 5.4 ng/mL). Serum β-CTX and P1NP levels were negatively correlated with BMDs of lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total hip (all P < 0.01). The cubic regression model better fitted the relationships of BMD and bone turnover markers. Serum β-CTX levels were significantly higher in women with sustained osteoporotic fracture or vertebral fracture (P = 0.006 and 0.012, respectively). No association between P1NP and fracture or vertebral fracture was detected. The same situation applied to 25(OH)D. 25(OH)D was negatively correlated with β-CTX and P1NP (r = -0.073 and -0.088, P = 0.002 and <0.001, respectively).
Serum β-CTX and P1NP levels were negatively correlated with BMD. β-CTX was significantly higher in postmenopausal women with sustained fracture or vertebral fracture. Vitamin D deficiency was highly prevalent in postmenopausal women in Beijing.