Crossover comparison of IPX066 and a standard levodopa formulation in advanced Parkinson's disease.Mov Disord. 2011 Oct; 26(12):2246-52.MD
The objective of the study was to compare the pharmacokinetics, motor effects, and safety of IPX066, a novel extended-release formulation of carbidopa-levodopa, with an immediate-release carbidopa-levodopa formulation in advanced Parkinson's disease. We performed an open-label crossover study in 27 subjects with advanced Parkinson's disease experiencing motor fluctuations on levodopa therapy. Subjects were randomized 1:1 to 8 days' treatment with either immediate-release carbidopa-levodopa followed by IPX066 or IPX066 followed by immediate-release carbidopa-levodopa. Pharmacokinetic and motor assessments were undertaken on day 1 for 8 hours (following a single dose) and on day 8 for 12 hours (during multiple-dose administration). Following a single dose of IPX066 or immediate-release carbidopa-levodopa, plasma levodopa concentrations increased at a similarly rapid rate and were sustained above 50% of peak concentration for 4 hours with IPX066 versus 1.4 hours with immediate-release carbidopa-levodopa (P < .0001). Multiple-dose data showed IPX066 substantially reduced variability in plasma levodopa concentrations despite a lower dosing frequency (mean, 3.5 vs 5.4 administrations per day). In addition, total levodopa exposure during IPX066 treatment was approximately 87% higher, whereas the increase in levodopa C(max) was approximately 30% compared with immediate-release carbidopa-levodopa. Both products were well tolerated. IPX066 provided more sustained plasma levodopa concentrations than immediate-release carbidopa-levodopa. Larger, longer-term, well-controlled studies should be conducted to provide rigorous assessment of the clinical effects of IPX066.