ICI 198615 is an antagonist of leukotriene C4, leukotriene D4 and leukotriene E4 vasopressor responses in the conscious rat.Pharmacology. 1990; 41(2):57-66.P
The purpose of these studies was to evaluate the effects of the peptidoleukotriene (LT) receptor antagonist, ICI 198615, on the vasopressor responses produced by LTC4, LTD4 and LTE4. Conscious, normotensive rats were prepared with arterial and venous catheters for measurement of changes in arterial blood pressure and administration of drugs, respectively. Complete dose-response curves were first generated to LTC4, LTD4 and LTE4: those agents produced dose-dependent increases in arterial blood pressure, with ED20 values (i.e. dose to increase blood pressure 20 mm Hg) of 1.7 +/- 0.2, 2.1 +/- 0.2 and 19.8 +/- 3.7 nmol/kg i.v., respectively. ICI 198615 (intravenous bolus followed by a continuous infusion) produced dose-dependent, parallel shifts to the right in the LTC4 dose-response curve. At doses of 0.2 mg/kg + 1 mg/kg/h, 1 mg/kg + 3 mg/kg/h or 2 mg/kg + 10 mg/kg/h, ICI 198615 produced dose ratios of 4.5, 17.1 and 50.0, respectively. Against LTD4 responses, ICI 198615 at a dose of 0.1 mg/kg + 0.3 mg/kg/h produced a dose ratio of 3.4, whereas at doses of 0.2 mg/kg + 1 mg/kg/h, 1 mg/kg + 3 mg/kg/h or 2 mg/kg + 10 mg/kg/h ICI 198615 produced dose ratios of 16.3, 24.9 and 16.2, respectively. The difference in the dose ratios between these three groups was not statistically significant (p greater than 0.05). However, a dose of 10 mg/kg + 30 mg/kg/h produced a dose ratio of greater than 100. Against LTE4 responses, ICI 198615 at doses of 0.2 mg/kg + 1 mg/kg/h or 1 mg/kg + 3 mg/kg/h produced dose ratios of 4.1 and 11.3, respectively. The similarity in the LTD4 dose ratios despite a 3- or 10-fold increase in the dose of ICI 198615 suggests the existence of high- and low-affinity LTD4 receptor sites, whereas the responses to LTC4 and LTE4 appeared to be mediated via a single receptor population. These results indicate that ICI 198615 is a potent and competitive antagonist of LTC4, LTD4 and LTE4 vascular responses in the rat.