Factors predictive of breast cancer in open biopsy in cases with atypical ductal hyperplasia diagnosed by ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy.Eur J Surg Oncol. 2011 Sep; 37(9):758-64.EJ
The purpose of the study was to explore factors predictive of breast cancer as diagnosed by excision biopsy in cases with a diagnosis of atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) on ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (CNB).
PATIENTS AND METHODS
We carried out diagnosis of breast lesions by ultrasound-guided CNB in a single hospital in Taiwan from November 2003 to October 2009. Patients who were diagnosed with ADH and subsequently underwent excision biopsy were included in this study (n = 124).
Fifty-six of the 124 patients who were included (45.2%) had cancer, and the remaining 68 had benign lesions. By multivariate analysis of all clinical characteristics and on the basis of the imaging features in these cases, older patient age (≥50 y/o, OR: 3.910, p = 0.005), larger tumour size (≥15 mm, OR: 3.398, p = 0.013), and the presence of architectural distortion by mammography (OR: 10.7, p = 0.036) were found likely to be associated with breast cancer.
Open biopsy is necessary in patients who were diagnosed with ADH on CNB. Older patients (≥50 y/o), with a larger tumour size (≥15 mm) and an abnormal mammography are especially likely to have breast cancer.