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The relationship between clinical decision-making skills in nursing and general critical thinking abilities of senior nursing students in four types of nursing programs.
J Nurs Educ. 1990 Nov; 29(9):391-9.JN

Abstract

This descriptive study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between clinical decision-making skills in nursing and critical thinking abilities of senior nursing students in four types of nursing education programs: generic baccalaureate, associate, and diploma--the basic RN programs, along with the upper division baccalaureate (specifically RN completion) program. Fifty senior students from each type of program were conveniently selected. Clinical decision-making in nursing was measured by the Nursing Performance Simulation Instrument. General critical thinking abilities were determined by the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal. Among the basic RN programs, the higher level of general critical thinking ability was attained by generic baccalaureate seniors (mean score, 61.3) compared with the associate (50.0) and diploma (51.3) seniors. The clinical decision-making scores in nursing skills were virtually identical for the three basic programs--generic (32.2), associate (32.2), and diploma (32.3). That is, mean performance scores of the 2-year associate degree, 3-year diploma, and 4-year generic baccalaureate degree students on the Nursing Performance Simulation Instrument showed no statistically significant difference. The mean critical thinking score for the upper division baccalaureate seniors (61.1) was comparable to that of the generic baccalaureate seniors. Clinical decision-making mean score for the upper division seniors was significantly higher (38.0) than those of the other three groups. A weak though significant positive correlation (r = 0.249) between clinical decision-making and critical thinking across all four types of programs was found.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Millersville University, Pennsylvania.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2176680

Citation

Brooks, K L., and J M. Shepherd. "The Relationship Between Clinical Decision-making Skills in Nursing and General Critical Thinking Abilities of Senior Nursing Students in Four Types of Nursing Programs." The Journal of Nursing Education, vol. 29, no. 9, 1990, pp. 391-9.
Brooks KL, Shepherd JM. The relationship between clinical decision-making skills in nursing and general critical thinking abilities of senior nursing students in four types of nursing programs. J Nurs Educ. 1990;29(9):391-9.
Brooks, K. L., & Shepherd, J. M. (1990). The relationship between clinical decision-making skills in nursing and general critical thinking abilities of senior nursing students in four types of nursing programs. The Journal of Nursing Education, 29(9), 391-9.
Brooks KL, Shepherd JM. The Relationship Between Clinical Decision-making Skills in Nursing and General Critical Thinking Abilities of Senior Nursing Students in Four Types of Nursing Programs. J Nurs Educ. 1990;29(9):391-9. PubMed PMID: 2176680.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The relationship between clinical decision-making skills in nursing and general critical thinking abilities of senior nursing students in four types of nursing programs. AU - Brooks,K L, AU - Shepherd,J M, PY - 1990/11/1/pubmed PY - 1990/11/1/medline PY - 1990/11/1/entrez SP - 391 EP - 9 JF - The Journal of nursing education JO - J Nurs Educ VL - 29 IS - 9 N2 - This descriptive study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between clinical decision-making skills in nursing and critical thinking abilities of senior nursing students in four types of nursing education programs: generic baccalaureate, associate, and diploma--the basic RN programs, along with the upper division baccalaureate (specifically RN completion) program. Fifty senior students from each type of program were conveniently selected. Clinical decision-making in nursing was measured by the Nursing Performance Simulation Instrument. General critical thinking abilities were determined by the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal. Among the basic RN programs, the higher level of general critical thinking ability was attained by generic baccalaureate seniors (mean score, 61.3) compared with the associate (50.0) and diploma (51.3) seniors. The clinical decision-making scores in nursing skills were virtually identical for the three basic programs--generic (32.2), associate (32.2), and diploma (32.3). That is, mean performance scores of the 2-year associate degree, 3-year diploma, and 4-year generic baccalaureate degree students on the Nursing Performance Simulation Instrument showed no statistically significant difference. The mean critical thinking score for the upper division baccalaureate seniors (61.1) was comparable to that of the generic baccalaureate seniors. Clinical decision-making mean score for the upper division seniors was significantly higher (38.0) than those of the other three groups. A weak though significant positive correlation (r = 0.249) between clinical decision-making and critical thinking across all four types of programs was found. SN - 0148-4834 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2176680/The_relationship_between_clinical_decision_making_skills_in_nursing_and_general_critical_thinking_abilities_of_senior_nursing_students_in_four_types_of_nursing_programs_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -