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Nutritional assessment of Ethiopian Beta-Israel children: a cross-sectional survey.
Breastfeed Med. 2011 Aug; 6(4):171-6.BM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Malnutrition is a public health problem of significant importance in developing countries. The main aim of this survey is to assess the nutritional status of children of the Beta-Israel community in Gondar, Ethiopia, with special emphasis on the anthropometric growth patterns of infants under 5 years of age.

METHODS

This is a descriptive cross-sectional survey of 794 preschool children of the Beta-Israel community. The survey comprised socioeconomic and demographic data, evaluation of anthropometric measurements, and clinical evaluation of children for nutrition-related health problems. The clinical variables included assessments for vitamin A, iodine, and iron deficiencies.

RESULTS

Underweight, stunting, and wasting were seen in 14.6%, 37.2%, and 4.5% of the children, respectively. Moreover, severe underweight, severe stunting, and severe wasting were seen in 2.9%, 14.8%, and 0.5% of the children, respectively. Malnutrition affected 41.4% of all the children, with those 12-23 months old suffering the most (66.7%). Multivariate analysis noted that smaller family size and younger age were related to higher occurrence of malnutrition among children. An overall rate of stunting of 37.2% exceeds the urban average rate for Ethiopia (29.8%). All the children had been breastfed at least for some time, and among those older than 6 months, 46.8% were exclusively breastfed for 6 months. Of the infants, 82.9% were breastfed for over 2 years. No correlation existed with pattern or duration of breastfeeding and degree of malnutrition in infants over 6 months.

CONCLUSIONS

The urban Beta-Israel Jewish pediatric population in Gondar, Ethiopia suffers from a high rate of malnutrition manifested primarily by stunting (height for age), reflecting a state of chronic malnutrition after 6 months of life secondary to inadequate sources of complementary feeds for the breastfeeding infant.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21770732

Citation

Asres, Getahun, and Arthur I. Eidelman. "Nutritional Assessment of Ethiopian Beta-Israel Children: a Cross-sectional Survey." Breastfeeding Medicine : the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, vol. 6, no. 4, 2011, pp. 171-6.
Asres G, Eidelman AI. Nutritional assessment of Ethiopian Beta-Israel children: a cross-sectional survey. Breastfeed Med. 2011;6(4):171-6.
Asres, G., & Eidelman, A. I. (2011). Nutritional assessment of Ethiopian Beta-Israel children: a cross-sectional survey. Breastfeeding Medicine : the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, 6(4), 171-6. https://doi.org/10.1089/bfm.2011.0016
Asres G, Eidelman AI. Nutritional Assessment of Ethiopian Beta-Israel Children: a Cross-sectional Survey. Breastfeed Med. 2011;6(4):171-6. PubMed PMID: 21770732.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional assessment of Ethiopian Beta-Israel children: a cross-sectional survey. AU - Asres,Getahun, AU - Eidelman,Arthur I, PY - 2011/7/21/entrez PY - 2011/7/21/pubmed PY - 2011/12/28/medline SP - 171 EP - 6 JF - Breastfeeding medicine : the official journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine JO - Breastfeed Med VL - 6 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a public health problem of significant importance in developing countries. The main aim of this survey is to assess the nutritional status of children of the Beta-Israel community in Gondar, Ethiopia, with special emphasis on the anthropometric growth patterns of infants under 5 years of age. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional survey of 794 preschool children of the Beta-Israel community. The survey comprised socioeconomic and demographic data, evaluation of anthropometric measurements, and clinical evaluation of children for nutrition-related health problems. The clinical variables included assessments for vitamin A, iodine, and iron deficiencies. RESULTS: Underweight, stunting, and wasting were seen in 14.6%, 37.2%, and 4.5% of the children, respectively. Moreover, severe underweight, severe stunting, and severe wasting were seen in 2.9%, 14.8%, and 0.5% of the children, respectively. Malnutrition affected 41.4% of all the children, with those 12-23 months old suffering the most (66.7%). Multivariate analysis noted that smaller family size and younger age were related to higher occurrence of malnutrition among children. An overall rate of stunting of 37.2% exceeds the urban average rate for Ethiopia (29.8%). All the children had been breastfed at least for some time, and among those older than 6 months, 46.8% were exclusively breastfed for 6 months. Of the infants, 82.9% were breastfed for over 2 years. No correlation existed with pattern or duration of breastfeeding and degree of malnutrition in infants over 6 months. CONCLUSIONS: The urban Beta-Israel Jewish pediatric population in Gondar, Ethiopia suffers from a high rate of malnutrition manifested primarily by stunting (height for age), reflecting a state of chronic malnutrition after 6 months of life secondary to inadequate sources of complementary feeds for the breastfeeding infant. SN - 1556-8342 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21770732/Nutritional_assessment_of_Ethiopian_Beta_Israel_children:_a_cross_sectional_survey_ L2 - https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/bfm.2011.0016?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -