Sustained low-efficiency daily diafiltration with hemoperfusion as a therapy for severe star fruit intoxication: a report of two cases.Ren Fail. 2011; 33(8):837-41.RF
Over the past decade, star fruit (Averrhoa carambola) intoxication decreased in the Taiwanese society due to improved public education on chronic kidney disease (CKD). Various complications including hiccups, altered levels of consciousness, coma, and seizures have been reported in individuals with renal failure who ingested fresh star fruit or star fruit juice. A high mortality rate (from 33 to 80%) was observed in patients with altered levels of consciousness, despite prompt dialysis and supportive care. According to previous case reports, the proposed treatment of choice for severe star fruit intoxication may be continuous renal replacement therapy with or without hemoperfusion. We report two cases of star fruit intoxication with stage V CKD (one case is predialysis) presenting with coma and generalized tonic-clonic seizures. The two patients were treated with sustained low-efficiency daily diafiltration (SLEDD-f) and charcoal hemoperfusion. Status epilepticus was controlled fairly quickly after treatment with SLEDD-f and hemoperfusion. However, the outcomes in this report are still poor (both remained comatose; one of two patients died). Currently, there are no data for the use of SLEDD-f with hemoperfusion for severe star fruit intoxication. SLEDD-f with charcoal hemoperfusion may play a role in managing refractory status epilepticus in patients with severe star fruit poisoning.