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Meat consumption and risk of lung cancer among never-smoking women.
Nutr Cancer 2011; 63(6):850-9NC

Abstract

The relationship between diet and lung cancer, apart from the protective effect of fruit and vegetables, is poorly understood. Reports on the role of dietary components such as meat are inconsistent, and few studies include sufficient numbers of nonsmokers. We examined the relationship between meat consumption and never-smoking lung cancer in a hospital-based case-control study of Singapore Chinese women, a population with low smoking prevalence. Three hundred and ninety-nine cases and 815 controls were recruited, of whom 258 cases and 712 controls were never smokers. A standardized questionnaire (which included a food frequency questionnaire module) was administered by trained interviewers. Among these never smokers, fruit and vegetable intake were inversely associated with lung cancer risk. Seventy-two percent of meat consumed was white meat (chicken or fish). Meat consumption overall was inversely associated with lung cancer [adjusted odds ratio (OR), 0.88, 0.59 for second, third tertiles, P (trend) = .012]. An inverse relationship between fish consumption and lung cancer (adjusted OR, 0.81, 0.47 for 2nd, 3rd tertiles, P (trend) < .001) was observed. No association was seen between consumption of processed meats and lung cancer, nor between dietary heterocyclic amines and lung cancer. Our data suggest that fish consumption may be protective against lung cancer in never smokers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore. wei-yen lim@nuhs.edu.sgNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21774592

Citation

Lim, Wei-Yen, et al. "Meat Consumption and Risk of Lung Cancer Among Never-smoking Women." Nutrition and Cancer, vol. 63, no. 6, 2011, pp. 850-9.
Lim WY, Chuah KL, Eng P, et al. Meat consumption and risk of lung cancer among never-smoking women. Nutr Cancer. 2011;63(6):850-9.
Lim, W. Y., Chuah, K. L., Eng, P., Leong, S. S., Lim, E., Lim, T. K., ... Seow, A. (2011). Meat consumption and risk of lung cancer among never-smoking women. Nutrition and Cancer, 63(6), pp. 850-9. doi:10.1080/01635581.2011.589961.
Lim WY, et al. Meat Consumption and Risk of Lung Cancer Among Never-smoking Women. Nutr Cancer. 2011;63(6):850-9. PubMed PMID: 21774592.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Meat consumption and risk of lung cancer among never-smoking women. AU - Lim,Wei-Yen, AU - Chuah,Khoon Leong, AU - Eng,Philip, AU - Leong,Swan Swan, AU - Lim,Elaine, AU - Lim,Tow Keang, AU - Ng,Alan, AU - Poh,Wee Teng, AU - Tee,Augustine, AU - Teh,Ming, AU - Salim,Agus, AU - Seow,Adeline, Y1 - 2011/07/20/ PY - 2011/7/22/entrez PY - 2011/7/22/pubmed PY - 2011/12/28/medline SP - 850 EP - 9 JF - Nutrition and cancer JO - Nutr Cancer VL - 63 IS - 6 N2 - The relationship between diet and lung cancer, apart from the protective effect of fruit and vegetables, is poorly understood. Reports on the role of dietary components such as meat are inconsistent, and few studies include sufficient numbers of nonsmokers. We examined the relationship between meat consumption and never-smoking lung cancer in a hospital-based case-control study of Singapore Chinese women, a population with low smoking prevalence. Three hundred and ninety-nine cases and 815 controls were recruited, of whom 258 cases and 712 controls were never smokers. A standardized questionnaire (which included a food frequency questionnaire module) was administered by trained interviewers. Among these never smokers, fruit and vegetable intake were inversely associated with lung cancer risk. Seventy-two percent of meat consumed was white meat (chicken or fish). Meat consumption overall was inversely associated with lung cancer [adjusted odds ratio (OR), 0.88, 0.59 for second, third tertiles, P (trend) = .012]. An inverse relationship between fish consumption and lung cancer (adjusted OR, 0.81, 0.47 for 2nd, 3rd tertiles, P (trend) < .001) was observed. No association was seen between consumption of processed meats and lung cancer, nor between dietary heterocyclic amines and lung cancer. Our data suggest that fish consumption may be protective against lung cancer in never smokers. SN - 1532-7914 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21774592/Meat_consumption_and_risk_of_lung_cancer_among_never_smoking_women_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01635581.2011.589961 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -