Intramolecular ion-pair prodrugs of zanamivir and guanidino-oseltamivir.Bioorg Med Chem. 2011 Aug 15; 19(16):4796-802.BM
Zanamivir (ZA) is a potent anti-influenza drug, but it cannot be administrated orally because of the hydrophilic carboxylate and guanidinium groups. Guanidino-oseltamivir (GO) is another effective neuraminidase inhibitor with polar guanidinium group under physiological conditions. The ester prodrugs ZA-HNAP (5) and GO-HNAP (6) were prepared to incorporate a 1-hydroxy-2-naphthoic (HNAP) moiety to attain good lipophilicity in the intramolecular ion-pairing forms. ZA-HNAP resumed high anti-influenza activity (EC(50)=48 nM), in cell-based anti-influenza assays, by releasing zanamivir along with nontoxic HNAP. Under similar conditions, the hydrolysis of the GO-HNAP ester was too sluggish to show the desired anti-influenza activity.