Microsatellite mapping of Ae. speltoides and map-based comparative analysis of the S, G, and B genomes of Triticeae species.Theor Appl Genet. 2011 Nov; 123(7):1145-57.TA
The first microsatellite linkage map of Ae. speltoides Tausch (2n = 2x = 14, SS), which is a wild species with a genome closely related to the B and G genomes of polyploid wheats, was developed based on two F(2) mapping populations using microsatellite (SSR) markers from Ae. speltoides, wheat genomic SSRs (g-SSRs) and EST-derived SSRs. A total of 144 different microsatellite loci were mapped in the Ae. speltoides genome. The transferability of the SSRs markers between the related S, B, and G genomes allowed possible integration of new markers into the T. timopheevii G genome chromosomal maps and map-based comparisons. Thirty-one new microsatellite loci assigned to the genetic framework of the T. timopheevii G genome maps were composed of wheat g-SSR (genomic SSR) markers. Most of the used Ae. speltoides SSRs were mapped onto chromosomes of the G genome supporting a close relationship between the G and S genomes. Comparative microsatellite mapping of the S, B, and G genomes demonstrated colinearity between the chromosomes within homoeologous groups, except for intergenomic T6A(t)S.1G, T4AL.5AL.7BS translocations. A translocation between chromosomes 2 and 6 that is present in the T. aestivum B genome was found in neither Ae. speltoides nor in T. timopheevii. Although the marker order was generally conserved among the B, S, and G genomes, the total length of the Ae. speltoides chromosomal maps and the genetic distances between homoeologous loci located in the proximal regions of the S genome chromosomes were reduced compared with the B, and G genome chromosomes.