Plasma fatty acid composition in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients: an increased omega-6/omega-3 ratio and deficiency of essential fatty acids.Ren Fail. 2011; 33(8):819-23.RF
Patients with end-stage renal disease, including those treated with peritoneal dialysis, have a high risk for death, particularly from cardiovascular causes. Plasma fatty acid (FA) composition is used as an indicator of disease risk, because its alteration has been related to metabolic disease and cardiovascular disease. For this purpose, we have measured plasma FA composition in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients and compared them with those of healthy subjects. This study was performed on 51 (21 M, 30 F) CAPD patients at least 6 months under dialysis, aged 20-75 years (mean 47.81 ± 11.8 years) and 45 (25 M, 20 F) healthy control subjects aged 20-60 years (mean 38.62 ± 12.9 years). Plasma 10-cis-pentadecanoic acid, 10-cis-heptadecanoic acid, heneicosanoic acid, tricosanoic acid, nervonic acid, saturated fatty acid, and monounsaturated FA levels and delta 9 desaturase activity were significantly higher whereas linoleic acid, linolenic acid, 11,14-eicosedienoic acid, arachidonic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, and omega-3 FA levels were significantly lower in the CAPD group than those in the healthy group. Our results show that there are FA abnormalities and especially a depletion in essential FA levels and a high level of omega-6/omega-3 ratio in CAPD patients, the underlying mechanism of which is not known and needs to be investigated. Therefore, we believe that essential FA supplementation should be encouraged for CAPD patients.