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Occurrence and distribution of microplastics in marine sediments along the Belgian coast.
Mar Pollut Bull. 2011 Oct; 62(10):2199-204.MP

Abstract

Plastic debris is known to undergo fragmentation at sea, which leads to the formation of microscopic particles of plastic; the so called 'microplastics'. Due to their buoyant and persistent properties, these microplastics have the potential to become widely dispersed in the marine environment through hydrodynamic processes and ocean currents. In this study, the occurrence and distribution of microplastics was investigated in Belgian marine sediments from different locations (coastal harbours, beaches and sublittoral areas). Particles were found in large numbers in all samples, showing the wide distribution of microplastics in Belgian coastal waters. The highest concentrations were found in the harbours where total microplastic concentrations of up to 390 particles kg(-1) dry sediment were observed, which is 15-50 times higher than reported maximum concentrations of other, similar study areas. The depth profile of sediment cores suggested that microplastic concentrations on the beaches reflect the global plastic production increase.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology and Aquatic Ecology, Ghent University, Jozef Plateaustraat 22, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. michiel.claessens@ugent.beNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21802098

Citation

Claessens, Michiel, et al. "Occurrence and Distribution of Microplastics in Marine Sediments Along the Belgian Coast." Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 62, no. 10, 2011, pp. 2199-204.
Claessens M, De Meester S, Van Landuyt L, et al. Occurrence and distribution of microplastics in marine sediments along the Belgian coast. Mar Pollut Bull. 2011;62(10):2199-204.
Claessens, M., De Meester, S., Van Landuyt, L., De Clerck, K., & Janssen, C. R. (2011). Occurrence and distribution of microplastics in marine sediments along the Belgian coast. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 62(10), 2199-204. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.06.030
Claessens M, et al. Occurrence and Distribution of Microplastics in Marine Sediments Along the Belgian Coast. Mar Pollut Bull. 2011;62(10):2199-204. PubMed PMID: 21802098.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Occurrence and distribution of microplastics in marine sediments along the Belgian coast. AU - Claessens,Michiel, AU - De Meester,Steven, AU - Van Landuyt,Lieve, AU - De Clerck,Karen, AU - Janssen,Colin R, Y1 - 2011/07/28/ PY - 2011/03/09/received PY - 2011/06/23/revised PY - 2011/06/26/accepted PY - 2011/8/2/entrez PY - 2011/8/2/pubmed PY - 2011/12/21/medline SP - 2199 EP - 204 JF - Marine pollution bulletin JO - Mar. Pollut. Bull. VL - 62 IS - 10 N2 - Plastic debris is known to undergo fragmentation at sea, which leads to the formation of microscopic particles of plastic; the so called 'microplastics'. Due to their buoyant and persistent properties, these microplastics have the potential to become widely dispersed in the marine environment through hydrodynamic processes and ocean currents. In this study, the occurrence and distribution of microplastics was investigated in Belgian marine sediments from different locations (coastal harbours, beaches and sublittoral areas). Particles were found in large numbers in all samples, showing the wide distribution of microplastics in Belgian coastal waters. The highest concentrations were found in the harbours where total microplastic concentrations of up to 390 particles kg(-1) dry sediment were observed, which is 15-50 times higher than reported maximum concentrations of other, similar study areas. The depth profile of sediment cores suggested that microplastic concentrations on the beaches reflect the global plastic production increase. SN - 1879-3363 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21802098/Occurrence_and_distribution_of_microplastics_in_marine_sediments_along_the_Belgian_coast_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0025-326X(11)00365-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -