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Physician-leaders and hospital performance: is there an association?
Soc Sci Med. 2011 Aug; 73(4):535-539.SS

Abstract

Although it has long been conjectured that having physicians in leadership positions is valuable for hospital performance, there is no published empirical work on the hypothesis. This cross-sectional study reports the first evidence. Data were collected on the top-100 U.S. hospitals in 2009, as identified by a widely-used media-generated ranking of quality, in three specialties: Cancer, Digestive Disorders, and Heart and Heart Surgery. The personal histories of the 300 chief executive officers of these hospitals were then traced by hand. The CEOs are classified into physicians and non-physician managers. The paper finds a strong positive association between the ranked quality of a hospital and whether the CEO is a physician or not (p < 0.001). This kind of cross-sectional evidence does not establish that physician-leaders outperform professional managers, but it is consistent with such claims and suggests that this area is now an important one for systematic future research.

Authors+Show Affiliations

IZA Institute for the Study of Labor, Schaumburg-Lippe-Str. 5-9, 53113 Bonn, Germany; Visiting Fellow, Cass Business School, UK; Associate Fellow, University of Warwick, UK. Electronic address: amanda@amandagoodall.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21802184

Citation

Goodall, Amanda H.. "Physician-leaders and Hospital Performance: Is There an Association?" Social Science & Medicine (1982), vol. 73, no. 4, 2011, pp. 535-539.
Goodall AH. Physician-leaders and hospital performance: is there an association? Soc Sci Med. 2011;73(4):535-539.
Goodall, A. H. (2011). Physician-leaders and hospital performance: is there an association? Social Science & Medicine (1982), 73(4), 535-539. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.06.025
Goodall AH. Physician-leaders and Hospital Performance: Is There an Association. Soc Sci Med. 2011;73(4):535-539. PubMed PMID: 21802184.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Physician-leaders and hospital performance: is there an association? A1 - Goodall,Amanda H, Y1 - 2011/07/06/ PY - 2010/10/15/received PY - 2011/06/02/revised PY - 2011/06/08/accepted PY - 2011/8/2/entrez PY - 2011/8/2/pubmed PY - 2011/12/14/medline SP - 535 EP - 539 JF - Social science & medicine (1982) JO - Soc Sci Med VL - 73 IS - 4 N2 - Although it has long been conjectured that having physicians in leadership positions is valuable for hospital performance, there is no published empirical work on the hypothesis. This cross-sectional study reports the first evidence. Data were collected on the top-100 U.S. hospitals in 2009, as identified by a widely-used media-generated ranking of quality, in three specialties: Cancer, Digestive Disorders, and Heart and Heart Surgery. The personal histories of the 300 chief executive officers of these hospitals were then traced by hand. The CEOs are classified into physicians and non-physician managers. The paper finds a strong positive association between the ranked quality of a hospital and whether the CEO is a physician or not (p < 0.001). This kind of cross-sectional evidence does not establish that physician-leaders outperform professional managers, but it is consistent with such claims and suggests that this area is now an important one for systematic future research. SN - 1873-5347 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21802184/Physician_leaders_and_hospital_performance:_is_there_an_association L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0277-9536(11)00381-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -