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Seminal vesicles and diabetic neuropathy: ultrasound evaluation in patients with couple infertility and different levels of glycaemic control.
Asian J Androl. 2011 Nov; 13(6):872-6.AJ

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the ultrasound characteristics of the seminal vesicles (SVs) of infertile patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and diabetic neuropathy (DN) and to investigate possible changes in ultrasound characteristics related to glycaemic control. To accomplish this, 45 infertile patients with type 2 DM and symptomatic DN were selected. Twenty healthy fertile men and 20 patients with idiopathic oligoasthenoteratozoospermia without DM represented the control groups. DM patients were arbitrarily divided into three groups according to glycaemic control level (A=glycosylated haemoglobin <7%; B=glycosylated haemoglobin between 7% and 10%; C=glycosylated haemoglobin >10%). Patients underwent prostate-vesicular transrectal ultrasonography and sperm analysis. The following SV ultrasound parameters were recorded: (i) body antero-posterior diameter (APD); (ii) fundus APD; (iii) parietal thicknesses of the right and left SVs; and (iv) the number of polycyclic areas within both SVs. We then calculated the following parameters: (i) fundus/body (F/B) ratio; (ii) difference of the parietal thickness between the right and the left SV; and (iii) pre- and post-ejaculatory APD difference. All DM patients had a higher F/B ratio compared to controls (P<0.05). Group C had a higher F/B ratio compared to the other DM groups (P<0.05). All DM patients had a lower pre- and post-ejaculatory difference of the body SV APD compared to controls (P<0.05). Groups A and B had a similar pre- and post-ejaculatory difference of the body SV APD, whereas this difference was lower in Group C (P<0.05). In conclusion, infertile DM patients with DN showed peculiar SV ultrasound features suggestive of functional atony, and low glycaemic control was associated with greater expression of these features.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Section of Endocrinology, Andrology and Internal Medicine and Master's Program in Andrological, Human Reproduction and Biotechnology Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine and Systemic Diseases, University of Catania, Catania 95123, Italy. sandrolavignera@email.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21804571

Citation

La Vignera, Sandro, et al. "Seminal Vesicles and Diabetic Neuropathy: Ultrasound Evaluation in Patients With Couple Infertility and Different Levels of Glycaemic Control." Asian Journal of Andrology, vol. 13, no. 6, 2011, pp. 872-6.
La Vignera S, Condorelli RA, Vicari E, et al. Seminal vesicles and diabetic neuropathy: ultrasound evaluation in patients with couple infertility and different levels of glycaemic control. Asian J Androl. 2011;13(6):872-6.
La Vignera, S., Condorelli, R. A., Vicari, E., D'Agata, R., & Calogero, A. E. (2011). Seminal vesicles and diabetic neuropathy: ultrasound evaluation in patients with couple infertility and different levels of glycaemic control. Asian Journal of Andrology, 13(6), 872-6. https://doi.org/10.1038/aja.2011.47
La Vignera S, et al. Seminal Vesicles and Diabetic Neuropathy: Ultrasound Evaluation in Patients With Couple Infertility and Different Levels of Glycaemic Control. Asian J Androl. 2011;13(6):872-6. PubMed PMID: 21804571.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Seminal vesicles and diabetic neuropathy: ultrasound evaluation in patients with couple infertility and different levels of glycaemic control. AU - La Vignera,Sandro, AU - Condorelli,Rosita A, AU - Vicari,Enzo, AU - D'Agata,Rosario, AU - Calogero,Aldo E, Y1 - 2011/08/01/ PY - 2011/8/2/entrez PY - 2011/8/2/pubmed PY - 2012/3/1/medline SP - 872 EP - 6 JF - Asian journal of andrology JO - Asian J Androl VL - 13 IS - 6 N2 - The aim of this study was to evaluate the ultrasound characteristics of the seminal vesicles (SVs) of infertile patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and diabetic neuropathy (DN) and to investigate possible changes in ultrasound characteristics related to glycaemic control. To accomplish this, 45 infertile patients with type 2 DM and symptomatic DN were selected. Twenty healthy fertile men and 20 patients with idiopathic oligoasthenoteratozoospermia without DM represented the control groups. DM patients were arbitrarily divided into three groups according to glycaemic control level (A=glycosylated haemoglobin <7%; B=glycosylated haemoglobin between 7% and 10%; C=glycosylated haemoglobin >10%). Patients underwent prostate-vesicular transrectal ultrasonography and sperm analysis. The following SV ultrasound parameters were recorded: (i) body antero-posterior diameter (APD); (ii) fundus APD; (iii) parietal thicknesses of the right and left SVs; and (iv) the number of polycyclic areas within both SVs. We then calculated the following parameters: (i) fundus/body (F/B) ratio; (ii) difference of the parietal thickness between the right and the left SV; and (iii) pre- and post-ejaculatory APD difference. All DM patients had a higher F/B ratio compared to controls (P<0.05). Group C had a higher F/B ratio compared to the other DM groups (P<0.05). All DM patients had a lower pre- and post-ejaculatory difference of the body SV APD compared to controls (P<0.05). Groups A and B had a similar pre- and post-ejaculatory difference of the body SV APD, whereas this difference was lower in Group C (P<0.05). In conclusion, infertile DM patients with DN showed peculiar SV ultrasound features suggestive of functional atony, and low glycaemic control was associated with greater expression of these features. SN - 1745-7262 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21804571/Seminal_vesicles_and_diabetic_neuropathy:_ultrasound_evaluation_in_patients_with_couple_infertility_and_different_levels_of_glycaemic_control_ L2 - http://www.asiaandro.com/Abstract.asp?doi=10.1038/aja.2011.47 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -