Respiratory involvement in IgG4-related Mikulicz's disease.Mod Rheumatol 2012; 22(1):31-9MR
'Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease' is a new clinical concept of multi-organ diseases, with Mikulicz's disease (MD) being a clinical phenotype of IgG4-related disease. To clarify the clinical characteristics of respiratory involvement associated with IgG4-related MD, we retrospectively assessed 25 patients with MD, 11 (44%) of whom had allergic symptoms, and 7 (28%) of whom complained of respiratory problems. Thirteen patients (52%) presented with pulmonary and/or mediastinal lesions (P-MD) on chest computed tomography (CT), and 11 (44%) had lesions limited to the lacrimal and/or salivary glands (L-MD). Mean serum total protein, IgG, and IgG4 concentrations were significantly higher and CH50 was significantly lower in the P-MD than in the L-MD group. Immune complex was present only in the P-MD group. Chest CT images showed bronchial wall thickening, consolidation, nodule(s), interlobular thickening, ground glass opacity, pleural thickening/effusion, and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Five of seven patients who underwent histological examination of the lungs had abundant IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltrates (IgG4/IgG-positive plasma cells >40%), but the other two did not. These findings suggest that respiratory lesions are not rare in patients with IgG4-related MD, and that they present with various manifestations. IgG4-related MD should be differentiated from similar diseases, such as sarcoidosis, bronchial asthma, Sjögren's syndrome, and malignant lymphoma.