Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

High ratios of plasma and platelets to packed red blood cells do not affect mortality in nonmassively transfused patients.
J Trauma. 2011 Aug; 71(2 Suppl 3):S329-36.JT

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Administration of high transfusion ratios in patients not requiring massive transfusion might be harmful. We aimed to determine the effect of high ratios of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and platelets (PLT) to packed red blood cells (PRBC) in nonmassively transfused patients.

METHODS

Records of 1,788 transfused trauma patients who received <10 units of PRBC in 24 hours at 23 United States Level I trauma centers were reviewed. The relationship between ratio category (low and high) and in-hospital mortality was assessed with propensity-adjusted multivariate proportional hazards models.

RESULTS

At baseline, patients transfused with a high FFP:PRBC ratio were younger, had a lower Glasgow Coma Scale score, and a higher Injury Severity Score. Those receiving a high PLT:PRBC ratio were older. The risk of in-hospital mortality did not vary significantly with FFP:PRBC ratio category. Intensive care unit (ICU)-free days, hospital-free days, and ventilator-free days did not vary significantly with FFP:PRBC ratio category. ICU-free days and ventilator-free days were significantly decreased among patients in the high (≥1:1) PLT:PRBC category, and hospital-free days did not vary significantly with PLT:PRBC ratio category. The analysis was repeated using 1:2 as the cutoff for high and low ratios. Using this cutoff, there was still no difference in mortality with either FFP:PRBC ratios or platelet:PRBC ratios. However, patients receiving a >1:2 ratio of FFP:PRBCs or a >1:2 ratio PLT:PRBCs had significantly decreased ICU-free days and ventilator-free days.

CONCLUSIONS

FFP:PRBC and PLT:PRBC ratios were not associated with in-hospital mortality. Depending on the threshold analyzed, a high ratio of FFP:PRBC and PLT:PRBC transfusion was associated with fewer ICU-free days and fewer ventilator-free days, suggesting that the damage control infusion of FFP and PLT may cause increased morbidity in nonmassively transfused patients and should be rapidly terminated when it becomes clear that a massive transfusion will not be required.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Trauma, Critical Care and Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21814100

Citation

Sambasivan, Chitra N., et al. "High Ratios of Plasma and Platelets to Packed Red Blood Cells Do Not Affect Mortality in Nonmassively Transfused Patients." The Journal of Trauma, vol. 71, no. 2 Suppl 3, 2011, pp. S329-36.
Sambasivan CN, Kunio NR, Nair PV, et al. High ratios of plasma and platelets to packed red blood cells do not affect mortality in nonmassively transfused patients. J Trauma. 2011;71(2 Suppl 3):S329-36.
Sambasivan, C. N., Kunio, N. R., Nair, P. V., Zink, K. A., Michalek, J. E., Holcomb, J. B., Schreiber, M. A., Wade, C. E., Brasel, K. J., Vercruysse, G., MacLeod, J., Dutton, R. P., Hess, J. R., Duchesne, J. C., McSwain, N. E., Muskat, P., Johannigamn, J., Cryer, H. M., Tillou, A., ... Marin, B. (2011). High ratios of plasma and platelets to packed red blood cells do not affect mortality in nonmassively transfused patients. The Journal of Trauma, 71(2 Suppl 3), S329-36. https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0b013e318227edd3
Sambasivan CN, et al. High Ratios of Plasma and Platelets to Packed Red Blood Cells Do Not Affect Mortality in Nonmassively Transfused Patients. J Trauma. 2011;71(2 Suppl 3):S329-36. PubMed PMID: 21814100.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - High ratios of plasma and platelets to packed red blood cells do not affect mortality in nonmassively transfused patients. AU - Sambasivan,Chitra N, AU - Kunio,Nicholas R, AU - Nair,Prakash V, AU - Zink,Karen A, AU - Michalek,Joel E, AU - Holcomb,John B, AU - Schreiber,Martin A, AU - ,, AU - Wade,C E, AU - Brasel,K J, AU - Vercruysse,G, AU - MacLeod,J, AU - Dutton,R P, AU - Hess,J R, AU - Duchesne,J C, AU - McSwain,N E, AU - Muskat,P, AU - Johannigamn,J, AU - Cryer,H M, AU - Tillou,A, AU - Cohen,M J, AU - Pittet,J F, AU - Knudson,P, AU - De Moya,M A, AU - Tieu,B, AU - Brundage,S, AU - Napolitano,L M, AU - Brunsvold,M, AU - Sihler,K C, AU - Beilman,G, AU - Peitzman,A B, AU - Zenait,M S, AU - Sperry,J, AU - Alarcon,L, AU - Croce,M A, AU - Minei,J P, AU - Kozar,R, AU - Gonzalez,E A, AU - Stewart,R M, AU - Cohn,S M, AU - Bulger,E M, AU - Cotton,B A, AU - Nunez,T C, AU - Ivatury,R, AU - Meredith,J W, AU - Miller,P, AU - Pomper,G J, AU - Marin,B, PY - 2011/8/5/entrez PY - 2011/9/20/pubmed PY - 2011/10/25/medline SP - S329 EP - 36 JF - The Journal of trauma JO - J Trauma VL - 71 IS - 2 Suppl 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Administration of high transfusion ratios in patients not requiring massive transfusion might be harmful. We aimed to determine the effect of high ratios of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and platelets (PLT) to packed red blood cells (PRBC) in nonmassively transfused patients. METHODS: Records of 1,788 transfused trauma patients who received <10 units of PRBC in 24 hours at 23 United States Level I trauma centers were reviewed. The relationship between ratio category (low and high) and in-hospital mortality was assessed with propensity-adjusted multivariate proportional hazards models. RESULTS: At baseline, patients transfused with a high FFP:PRBC ratio were younger, had a lower Glasgow Coma Scale score, and a higher Injury Severity Score. Those receiving a high PLT:PRBC ratio were older. The risk of in-hospital mortality did not vary significantly with FFP:PRBC ratio category. Intensive care unit (ICU)-free days, hospital-free days, and ventilator-free days did not vary significantly with FFP:PRBC ratio category. ICU-free days and ventilator-free days were significantly decreased among patients in the high (≥1:1) PLT:PRBC category, and hospital-free days did not vary significantly with PLT:PRBC ratio category. The analysis was repeated using 1:2 as the cutoff for high and low ratios. Using this cutoff, there was still no difference in mortality with either FFP:PRBC ratios or platelet:PRBC ratios. However, patients receiving a >1:2 ratio of FFP:PRBCs or a >1:2 ratio PLT:PRBCs had significantly decreased ICU-free days and ventilator-free days. CONCLUSIONS: FFP:PRBC and PLT:PRBC ratios were not associated with in-hospital mortality. Depending on the threshold analyzed, a high ratio of FFP:PRBC and PLT:PRBC transfusion was associated with fewer ICU-free days and fewer ventilator-free days, suggesting that the damage control infusion of FFP and PLT may cause increased morbidity in nonmassively transfused patients and should be rapidly terminated when it becomes clear that a massive transfusion will not be required. SN - 1529-8809 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21814100/High_ratios_of_plasma_and_platelets_to_packed_red_blood_cells_do_not_affect_mortality_in_nonmassively_transfused_patients_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0b013e318227edd3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -