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Predictors of postdeployment alcohol use disorders in National Guard soldiers deployed to Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Psychol Addict Behav. 2012 Mar; 26(1):42-50.PA

Abstract

Alcohol use in the military is a significant problem. The goal of this study was to examine the associations between personality, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and postdeployment alcohol use disorders (AUDs) among a group of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) deployed National Guard soldiers, with a focus on differentiating predeployment and postdeployment onset AUDs. Participants were 348 National Guard soldiers deployed to Iraq from March 2006 to July 2007 drawn from the Readiness and Resilience in National Guard Soldiers (RINGS) study. Participants completed self-report measures one month before deployment and 3 to 6 months postdeployment; current and lifetime history of AUDs were assessed 6 to 12 months postdeployment, using the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed. text rev.; DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Overall, 13% of the panel was diagnosed with a current AUD. Of those who met criteria for a current AUD, 38% had an AUD that developed following return from deployment (new onset AUD). The development of new onset AUDs was uniquely predicted by higher levels of PTSD symptom severity, higher levels of avoidance-specific PTSD symptoms, and lower levels of positive emotionality. AUDs with onset prior to deployment were predicted by higher levels of negative emotionality and disconstraint. Results of this study suggest that combat deployed soldiers with current AUDs are a heterogeneous group and point to the influence of combat-related PTSD symptoms in the development of AUDs following deployment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, Minneapolis Veteran Affairs Health Care System, Minneapoils, MN 55417, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21823766

Citation

Kehle, Shannon M., et al. "Predictors of Postdeployment Alcohol Use Disorders in National Guard Soldiers Deployed to Operation Iraqi Freedom." Psychology of Addictive Behaviors : Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, vol. 26, no. 1, 2012, pp. 42-50.
Kehle SM, Ferrier-Auerbach AG, Meis LA, et al. Predictors of postdeployment alcohol use disorders in National Guard soldiers deployed to Operation Iraqi Freedom. Psychol Addict Behav. 2012;26(1):42-50.
Kehle, S. M., Ferrier-Auerbach, A. G., Meis, L. A., Arbisi, P. A., Erbes, C. R., & Polusny, M. A. (2012). Predictors of postdeployment alcohol use disorders in National Guard soldiers deployed to Operation Iraqi Freedom. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors : Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, 26(1), 42-50. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024663
Kehle SM, et al. Predictors of Postdeployment Alcohol Use Disorders in National Guard Soldiers Deployed to Operation Iraqi Freedom. Psychol Addict Behav. 2012;26(1):42-50. PubMed PMID: 21823766.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Predictors of postdeployment alcohol use disorders in National Guard soldiers deployed to Operation Iraqi Freedom. AU - Kehle,Shannon M, AU - Ferrier-Auerbach,Amanda G, AU - Meis,Laura A, AU - Arbisi,Paul A, AU - Erbes,Christopher R, AU - Polusny,Melissa A, Y1 - 2011/08/08/ PY - 2011/8/10/entrez PY - 2011/8/10/pubmed PY - 2012/7/17/medline SP - 42 EP - 50 JF - Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors JO - Psychol Addict Behav VL - 26 IS - 1 N2 - Alcohol use in the military is a significant problem. The goal of this study was to examine the associations between personality, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and postdeployment alcohol use disorders (AUDs) among a group of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) deployed National Guard soldiers, with a focus on differentiating predeployment and postdeployment onset AUDs. Participants were 348 National Guard soldiers deployed to Iraq from March 2006 to July 2007 drawn from the Readiness and Resilience in National Guard Soldiers (RINGS) study. Participants completed self-report measures one month before deployment and 3 to 6 months postdeployment; current and lifetime history of AUDs were assessed 6 to 12 months postdeployment, using the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed. text rev.; DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Overall, 13% of the panel was diagnosed with a current AUD. Of those who met criteria for a current AUD, 38% had an AUD that developed following return from deployment (new onset AUD). The development of new onset AUDs was uniquely predicted by higher levels of PTSD symptom severity, higher levels of avoidance-specific PTSD symptoms, and lower levels of positive emotionality. AUDs with onset prior to deployment were predicted by higher levels of negative emotionality and disconstraint. Results of this study suggest that combat deployed soldiers with current AUDs are a heterogeneous group and point to the influence of combat-related PTSD symptoms in the development of AUDs following deployment. SN - 1939-1501 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21823766/Predictors_of_postdeployment_alcohol_use_disorders_in_National_Guard_soldiers_deployed_to_Operation_Iraqi_Freedom_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/adb/26/1/42 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -