Silicate-mediated alleviation of Pb toxicity in banana grown in Pb-contaminated soil.Biol Trace Elem Res. 2012 Jan; 145(1):101-8.BT
Silicate (Si) can enhance plant resistance or tolerance to the toxicity of heavy metals. However, it remains unclear whether Si can ameliorate lead (Pb) toxicity in banana (Musa xparadisiaca) roots. In this study, treatment with 800 mg kg(-1) Pb decreased both the shoot and root weight of banana seedlings. The amendment of 800 mg kg(-1) Si (sodium metasilicate, Na(2)SiO(3)·9H(2)O) to the Pb-contaminated soil enhanced banana biomass at two growth stages significantly. The amendment of 800 mg kg(-1) Si significantly increased soil pH and decreased exchangeable Pb, thus reducing soil Pb availability, while Si addition of 100 mg kg(-1) did not influence soil pH. Results from Pb fractionation analysis indicated that more Pb were in the form of carbonate and residual-bound fractions in the Si-amended Pb-contaminated soils. The ratio of Pb-bound carbonate to the total Pb tended to increase with increasing growth stages. Treatment with 100 mg kg(-1) Si had smaller effects on Pb forms in the Si-amended soils than that of 800 mg kg(-1) Si. Pb treatment decreased the xylem sap greatly, but the addition of Si at both levels increased xylem sap and reduced Pb concentration in xylem sap significantly in the Si-amended Pb treatments. The addition of Si increased the activities of POD, SOD, and CAT in banana roots by 14.2% to 72.1% in the Si-amended Pb treatments. The results suggested that Si-enhanced tolerance to Pb toxicity in banana seedlings was associated with Pb immobilization in the soils, the decrease of Pb transport from roots to shoots, and Si-mediated detoxification of Pb in the plants.