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Investigation of cool and hot executive function in ODD/CD independently of ADHD.
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2011 Oct; 52(10):1035-43.JC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Children with oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD) have shown deficits in 'cool' abstract-cognitive, and 'hot' reward-related executive function (EF) tasks. However, it is currently unclear to what extent ODD/CD is associated with neuropsychological deficits, independently of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

METHODS

Fifty-nine adolescents with a history of early-onset oppositional problems, 28 with pure ODD/CD symptoms and 31 with ADHD with or without ODD/CD, and 34 healthy controls were administered a task battery measuring motor response inhibition, sustained attention, cognitive flexibility and reward-related decision-making. Findings were analysed using dimensional and group analyses.

RESULTS

In group analyses both groups with and without ADHD were impaired in EF measures. Dimensional analyses, however, showed that ODD/CD but not ADHD was related to hot EF based on increased risky decision-making in the Iowa Gambling Task. ODD/CD was also independently related to aspects of cool EF independently of ADHD, namely slower speeds of inhibitory responding and increased intra-subject variability.

CONCLUSIONS

These findings show EF deficits associated with ODD/CD independently of ADHD, and implicate reward-related abnormalities in theories of antisocial behaviour development.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College, London. chobson@partnershipsincare.co.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21827452

Citation

Hobson, Christopher W., et al. "Investigation of Cool and Hot Executive Function in ODD/CD Independently of ADHD." Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, vol. 52, no. 10, 2011, pp. 1035-43.
Hobson CW, Scott S, Rubia K. Investigation of cool and hot executive function in ODD/CD independently of ADHD. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2011;52(10):1035-43.
Hobson, C. W., Scott, S., & Rubia, K. (2011). Investigation of cool and hot executive function in ODD/CD independently of ADHD. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 52(10), 1035-43. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02454.x
Hobson CW, Scott S, Rubia K. Investigation of Cool and Hot Executive Function in ODD/CD Independently of ADHD. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2011;52(10):1035-43. PubMed PMID: 21827452.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Investigation of cool and hot executive function in ODD/CD independently of ADHD. AU - Hobson,Christopher W, AU - Scott,Stephen, AU - Rubia,Katya, Y1 - 2011/08/09/ PY - 2011/8/11/entrez PY - 2011/8/11/pubmed PY - 2012/1/31/medline SP - 1035 EP - 43 JF - Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines JO - J Child Psychol Psychiatry VL - 52 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: Children with oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD) have shown deficits in 'cool' abstract-cognitive, and 'hot' reward-related executive function (EF) tasks. However, it is currently unclear to what extent ODD/CD is associated with neuropsychological deficits, independently of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Fifty-nine adolescents with a history of early-onset oppositional problems, 28 with pure ODD/CD symptoms and 31 with ADHD with or without ODD/CD, and 34 healthy controls were administered a task battery measuring motor response inhibition, sustained attention, cognitive flexibility and reward-related decision-making. Findings were analysed using dimensional and group analyses. RESULTS: In group analyses both groups with and without ADHD were impaired in EF measures. Dimensional analyses, however, showed that ODD/CD but not ADHD was related to hot EF based on increased risky decision-making in the Iowa Gambling Task. ODD/CD was also independently related to aspects of cool EF independently of ADHD, namely slower speeds of inhibitory responding and increased intra-subject variability. CONCLUSIONS: These findings show EF deficits associated with ODD/CD independently of ADHD, and implicate reward-related abnormalities in theories of antisocial behaviour development. SN - 1469-7610 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21827452/Investigation_of_cool_and_hot_executive_function_in_ODD/CD_independently_of_ADHD_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02454.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -