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To be used or not to be used, that is the question: legal use of forensic and clinical information collected in a self-referral sexual assault centre.
J Forensic Sci. 2011 Sep; 56(5):1156-62.JF

Abstract

This study explores how the police select cases for using information from a self-referral Sexual Assault Centre (SAC). The study is retrospective and descriptive: a 2-year series from a Scandinavian SAC and corresponding police files. The police had access to 163 SAC cases, requested 84% of available forensic medical documentation, and had 50% of the trace samples analyzed. The two main predictors of police utilization of forensic evidence were cases the police classified as rape and complaints filed during January to August. Extrinsic DNA was found in 27/60 trace evidence analyses, 21 matching a suspect. For one-third of the suspects who denied sexual acts, the forensic evidence contradicted their denial. Nonuse forfeited this possibility in several cases, and relevant information on injuries was lost. Our results indicate that available medical information is not fully utilized for legal purposes. Main barriers are police classification of cases and insufficient economic funding.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Oslo Sexual Assault Centre, The Emergency Medical Agency, Legevakten, N - 0182 Oslo, Norway. helle.nesvold@lva.oslo.kommune.noNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21827469

Citation

Nesvold, Helle, et al. "To Be Used or Not to Be Used, That Is the Question: Legal Use of Forensic and Clinical Information Collected in a Self-referral Sexual Assault Centre." Journal of Forensic Sciences, vol. 56, no. 5, 2011, pp. 1156-62.
Nesvold H, Ormstad K, Friis S. To be used or not to be used, that is the question: legal use of forensic and clinical information collected in a self-referral sexual assault centre. J Forensic Sci. 2011;56(5):1156-62.
Nesvold, H., Ormstad, K., & Friis, S. (2011). To be used or not to be used, that is the question: legal use of forensic and clinical information collected in a self-referral sexual assault centre. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 56(5), 1156-62. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01879.x
Nesvold H, Ormstad K, Friis S. To Be Used or Not to Be Used, That Is the Question: Legal Use of Forensic and Clinical Information Collected in a Self-referral Sexual Assault Centre. J Forensic Sci. 2011;56(5):1156-62. PubMed PMID: 21827469.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - To be used or not to be used, that is the question: legal use of forensic and clinical information collected in a self-referral sexual assault centre. AU - Nesvold,Helle, AU - Ormstad,Kari, AU - Friis,Svein, Y1 - 2011/08/09/ PY - 2011/8/11/entrez PY - 2011/8/11/pubmed PY - 2012/4/6/medline SP - 1156 EP - 62 JF - Journal of forensic sciences JO - J. Forensic Sci. VL - 56 IS - 5 N2 - This study explores how the police select cases for using information from a self-referral Sexual Assault Centre (SAC). The study is retrospective and descriptive: a 2-year series from a Scandinavian SAC and corresponding police files. The police had access to 163 SAC cases, requested 84% of available forensic medical documentation, and had 50% of the trace samples analyzed. The two main predictors of police utilization of forensic evidence were cases the police classified as rape and complaints filed during January to August. Extrinsic DNA was found in 27/60 trace evidence analyses, 21 matching a suspect. For one-third of the suspects who denied sexual acts, the forensic evidence contradicted their denial. Nonuse forfeited this possibility in several cases, and relevant information on injuries was lost. Our results indicate that available medical information is not fully utilized for legal purposes. Main barriers are police classification of cases and insufficient economic funding. SN - 1556-4029 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21827469/To_be_used_or_not_to_be_used_that_is_the_question:_legal_use_of_forensic_and_clinical_information_collected_in_a_self_referral_sexual_assault_centre_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01879.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -