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Changes in smokers' attitudes toward intended cessation attempts in Japan.
Value Health. 2011 Jul-Aug; 14(5):785-91.VH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Japan has the highest smoking prevalence among the G7 countries, and the Japanese government is expanding tobacco control measures, such as financial support for nicotine replacement therapy and cigarette price increases, to reduce smoking. In 2006, we examined intended quit attempts using hypothetical questions. Since then, a price increase for cigarettes has been proposed and has come closer to being realized.

OBJECTIVE

To examine attitude changes in intending to quit attempts according to the reinforcement of tobacco control policies and to clarify the attitudes toward the smoking policies under debate.

METHOD

In July 2006, a discrete choice experiment was performed in 616 current smokers. In January 2010, we conducted the same discrete choice experiment in 600 current smokers. In addition, we investigated attitudes toward increased cigarette price and amendments to the laws regulating the tobacco industry.

RESULTS

In general, between 2006 and 2010, the discrete choice experiment indicated that the smoking continuation rate decreased for highly dependent smokers and increased for low and moderately dependent smokers. Regarding individual measures, increases in tobacco price consistently persuaded smokers of all dependence levels to attempt to quit smoking, whereas factors such as risk information and a smoking ban were effective only for low-dependence smokers. Current smokers show less support for a price increase and legislation of health promotion than nonsmokers. Of current smokers, those with greater nicotine dependence support these policies less.

CONCLUSIONS

The shift of preference for intended attempts to quit is diverse according to nicotine dependence. These differences may be derived from the variations of their time and risk preference and their trust in the tobacco price policies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Economics, Konan University, Kobe, Japan. reigoto@center.konan-u.ac.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21839419

Citation

Goto, Rei, et al. "Changes in Smokers' Attitudes Toward Intended Cessation Attempts in Japan." Value in Health : the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research, vol. 14, no. 5, 2011, pp. 785-91.
Goto R, Takahashi Y, Ida T. Changes in smokers' attitudes toward intended cessation attempts in Japan. Value Health. 2011;14(5):785-91.
Goto, R., Takahashi, Y., & Ida, T. (2011). Changes in smokers' attitudes toward intended cessation attempts in Japan. Value in Health : the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research, 14(5), 785-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jval.2010.12.010
Goto R, Takahashi Y, Ida T. Changes in Smokers' Attitudes Toward Intended Cessation Attempts in Japan. Value Health. 2011;14(5):785-91. PubMed PMID: 21839419.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Changes in smokers' attitudes toward intended cessation attempts in Japan. AU - Goto,Rei, AU - Takahashi,Yuko, AU - Ida,Takanori, Y1 - 2011/05/31/ PY - 2010/05/09/received PY - 2010/11/15/revised PY - 2010/12/20/accepted PY - 2011/8/16/entrez PY - 2011/8/16/pubmed PY - 2011/10/8/medline SP - 785 EP - 91 JF - Value in health : the journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research JO - Value Health VL - 14 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Japan has the highest smoking prevalence among the G7 countries, and the Japanese government is expanding tobacco control measures, such as financial support for nicotine replacement therapy and cigarette price increases, to reduce smoking. In 2006, we examined intended quit attempts using hypothetical questions. Since then, a price increase for cigarettes has been proposed and has come closer to being realized. OBJECTIVE: To examine attitude changes in intending to quit attempts according to the reinforcement of tobacco control policies and to clarify the attitudes toward the smoking policies under debate. METHOD: In July 2006, a discrete choice experiment was performed in 616 current smokers. In January 2010, we conducted the same discrete choice experiment in 600 current smokers. In addition, we investigated attitudes toward increased cigarette price and amendments to the laws regulating the tobacco industry. RESULTS: In general, between 2006 and 2010, the discrete choice experiment indicated that the smoking continuation rate decreased for highly dependent smokers and increased for low and moderately dependent smokers. Regarding individual measures, increases in tobacco price consistently persuaded smokers of all dependence levels to attempt to quit smoking, whereas factors such as risk information and a smoking ban were effective only for low-dependence smokers. Current smokers show less support for a price increase and legislation of health promotion than nonsmokers. Of current smokers, those with greater nicotine dependence support these policies less. CONCLUSIONS: The shift of preference for intended attempts to quit is diverse according to nicotine dependence. These differences may be derived from the variations of their time and risk preference and their trust in the tobacco price policies. SN - 1524-4733 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21839419/Changes_in_smokers'_attitudes_toward_intended_cessation_attempts_in_Japan_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1098-3015(11)00119-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -