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Multidimensional scaling of musical time estimations.
Percept Mot Skills. 2011 Jun; 112(3):737-48.PM

Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify the psycho-musical factors that govern time evaluation in Western music from baroque, classic, romantic, and modern repertoires. The excerpts were previously found to represent variability in musical properties and to induce four main categories of emotions. 48 participants (musicians and nonmusicians) freely listened to 16 musical excerpts (lasting 20 sec. each) and grouped those that seemed to have the same duration. Then, participants associated each group of excerpts to one of a set of sine wave tones varying in duration from 16 to 24 sec. Multidimensional scaling analysis generated a two-dimensional solution for these time judgments. Musical excerpts with high arousal produced an overestimation of time, and affective valence had little influence on time perception. The duration was also overestimated when tempo and loudness were higher, and to a lesser extent, timbre density. In contrast, musical tension had little influence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology and Education, Faculty of Philosophy, Sciences and Letters, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21853763

Citation

Cocenas-Silva, Raquel, et al. "Multidimensional Scaling of Musical Time Estimations." Perceptual and Motor Skills, vol. 112, no. 3, 2011, pp. 737-48.
Cocenas-Silva R, Bueno JL, Molin P, et al. Multidimensional scaling of musical time estimations. Percept Mot Skills. 2011;112(3):737-48.
Cocenas-Silva, R., Bueno, J. L., Molin, P., & Bigand, E. (2011). Multidimensional scaling of musical time estimations. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 112(3), 737-48.
Cocenas-Silva R, et al. Multidimensional Scaling of Musical Time Estimations. Percept Mot Skills. 2011;112(3):737-48. PubMed PMID: 21853763.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Multidimensional scaling of musical time estimations. AU - Cocenas-Silva,Raquel, AU - Bueno,José Lino Oliveira, AU - Molin,Paul, AU - Bigand,Emmanuel, PY - 2011/8/23/entrez PY - 2011/8/23/pubmed PY - 2011/9/7/medline SP - 737 EP - 48 JF - Perceptual and motor skills JO - Percept Mot Skills VL - 112 IS - 3 N2 - The aim of this study was to identify the psycho-musical factors that govern time evaluation in Western music from baroque, classic, romantic, and modern repertoires. The excerpts were previously found to represent variability in musical properties and to induce four main categories of emotions. 48 participants (musicians and nonmusicians) freely listened to 16 musical excerpts (lasting 20 sec. each) and grouped those that seemed to have the same duration. Then, participants associated each group of excerpts to one of a set of sine wave tones varying in duration from 16 to 24 sec. Multidimensional scaling analysis generated a two-dimensional solution for these time judgments. Musical excerpts with high arousal produced an overestimation of time, and affective valence had little influence on time perception. The duration was also overestimated when tempo and loudness were higher, and to a lesser extent, timbre density. In contrast, musical tension had little influence. SN - 0031-5125 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21853763/Multidimensional_scaling_of_musical_time_estimations_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.2466/11.24.PMS.112.3.737-748?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -