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Household food security and fruit and vegetable intake among low-income fourth-graders.
J Nutr Educ Behav. 2011 Nov-Dec; 43(6):455-63.JN

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the relationship between household food security and children's and parents' fruit, vegetable, and breakfast consumption and fruit and vegetable availability.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study using matched parent-child surveys.

SETTING

Title I elementary schools in Maryland.

PARTICIPANTS

Ninety-two low-income parent-child dyads recruited from fourth-grade nutrition education programs completing a baseline evaluation.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Fruit and vegetable intake, breakfast consumption, and fruit and vegetable availability in home and school.

ANALYSIS

Chi-square tests, 1-way ANOVA.

RESULTS

Thirty-six percent of parents reported low/very low household food security, and both parents and students reported low fruit and vegetable intake. Students from households with low food security who were not participating in school nutrition programs had the lowest vegetable consumption and the fewest number of days consuming breakfast, indicating a relatively greater need for enrollment than their peers.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS

Few differences between children in food-secure and food-insecure households were observed, which underscores the need for research on food insecurity and children's eating behaviors. Examination of other factors influencing fruit and vegetable intake and improvements in food environments and programs are needed. Efforts to increase enrollment among eligible students in school nutrition programs may reduce negative consequences of household food insecurity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Family Science, School of Public Health, University of Maryland-College Park, College Park, MD 20742, USA. grutz@umd.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21855417

Citation

Grutzmacher, Stephanie, and Susan Gross. "Household Food Security and Fruit and Vegetable Intake Among Low-income Fourth-graders." Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, vol. 43, no. 6, 2011, pp. 455-63.
Grutzmacher S, Gross S. Household food security and fruit and vegetable intake among low-income fourth-graders. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2011;43(6):455-63.
Grutzmacher, S., & Gross, S. (2011). Household food security and fruit and vegetable intake among low-income fourth-graders. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 43(6), 455-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2010.10.004
Grutzmacher S, Gross S. Household Food Security and Fruit and Vegetable Intake Among Low-income Fourth-graders. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2011 Nov-Dec;43(6):455-63. PubMed PMID: 21855417.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Household food security and fruit and vegetable intake among low-income fourth-graders. AU - Grutzmacher,Stephanie, AU - Gross,Susan, Y1 - 2011/09/08/ PY - 2010/01/13/received PY - 2010/10/07/revised PY - 2010/10/17/accepted PY - 2011/8/23/entrez PY - 2011/8/23/pubmed PY - 2012/1/27/medline SP - 455 EP - 63 JF - Journal of nutrition education and behavior JO - J Nutr Educ Behav VL - 43 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between household food security and children's and parents' fruit, vegetable, and breakfast consumption and fruit and vegetable availability. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using matched parent-child surveys. SETTING: Title I elementary schools in Maryland. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-two low-income parent-child dyads recruited from fourth-grade nutrition education programs completing a baseline evaluation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Fruit and vegetable intake, breakfast consumption, and fruit and vegetable availability in home and school. ANALYSIS: Chi-square tests, 1-way ANOVA. RESULTS: Thirty-six percent of parents reported low/very low household food security, and both parents and students reported low fruit and vegetable intake. Students from households with low food security who were not participating in school nutrition programs had the lowest vegetable consumption and the fewest number of days consuming breakfast, indicating a relatively greater need for enrollment than their peers. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Few differences between children in food-secure and food-insecure households were observed, which underscores the need for research on food insecurity and children's eating behaviors. Examination of other factors influencing fruit and vegetable intake and improvements in food environments and programs are needed. Efforts to increase enrollment among eligible students in school nutrition programs may reduce negative consequences of household food insecurity. SN - 1878-2620 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21855417/Household_food_security_and_fruit_and_vegetable_intake_among_low_income_fourth_graders_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1499-4046(10)00537-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -