Buried bumper syndrome: low incidence and safe endoscopic management.Acta Gastroenterol Belg. 2011 Jun; 74(2):312-6.AG
Buried bumper syndrome (BBS) is a rare long-term complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) and consists of a progressive impaction of the inner bumper of the tube in the mucosa of gastric wall. The aim of our study was to report our own experience with BBS, focusing on its incidence and endoscopic management.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
Medical records of a large group of 879 patients having undergone PEG insertion (2002-2009) were retrospectively reviewed. All PEG's were followed by our special Nutrition Support Team. Patients presenting with BBS during their follow-up were included in the study.
Only eight patients (8/879; 0.9%) developed BBS, which was confirmed during gastroscopy. Median time between PEG insertion and BBS diagnosis was 22.0+/-22.28 months. Five patients underwent successful treatment with: 1) flexible guide wire insertion through the internal orifice of the PEG to define its anatomical settings, 2) cruciform incisions of the gastric mucosa with a needle-knife starting at the center of the mucosal dome covering the internal bumper, and reaching its edges, 3) extrusion and complete extraction of the inner bumper through the gastric tract. No complications were observed. Median hospital stay related to BBS lasted 4.0+/-3.67 days. In two patients with peristomal abscess and deeply migrated bumper surgery was needed.
Cruciform mucosal incisions with needle-knife is a safe endoscopic technique to treat the BBS that could avoid surgery in most of the cases. Preventive measures applied after PEG insertion and continued during the follow-up may result in a distinctly lower prevalence of BBS.