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Biochemical characteristics and biological properties of Annurca apple cider.
J Med Food. 2012 Jan; 15(1):18-23.JM

Abstract

Our work aimed to investigate the phenolic composition and antioxidant capacity of the de-alcoholized extract of cider obtained from the Annurca apple (Malus domestica var. Annurca). The antimicrobial effect of the extract against different pathogens, including Chronobacter sakazakii, was also examined. The extract's potential anti-quorum-sensing (AQS) activity was assessed using the test microorganism Chromobacterium violaceum. Biochemical analysis of the extract using ultra-performance liquid chromatography revealed catechin and caffeic acid as the most abundant polyphenols present, which represented about 35.5% and 36.6% of the total phenolics identified, respectively. An antioxidant capacity was also found (50% effective concentraiton=10 μL). The extract exhibited clear antimicrobial activity against all strains used in the experiments. Escherichia coli and Bacillus cereus were the most sensitive bacteria to the antimicrobial activity. The extract also inhibited the growth of the emergent pathogen strain C. sakazakii. The AQS activity of apple cider is reported here for the first time. In conclusion, our results demonstrate some biological properties of the apple cider and contribute to reinforcing the potential of the apple and its derivatives as functional components of the diet.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Food Science, National Research Council, Avellino, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21861727

Citation

Fratianni, Florinda, et al. "Biochemical Characteristics and Biological Properties of Annurca Apple Cider." Journal of Medicinal Food, vol. 15, no. 1, 2012, pp. 18-23.
Fratianni F, De Giulio A, Sada A, et al. Biochemical characteristics and biological properties of Annurca apple cider. J Med Food. 2012;15(1):18-23.
Fratianni, F., De Giulio, A., Sada, A., & Nazzaro, F. (2012). Biochemical characteristics and biological properties of Annurca apple cider. Journal of Medicinal Food, 15(1), 18-23. https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2011.0042
Fratianni F, et al. Biochemical Characteristics and Biological Properties of Annurca Apple Cider. J Med Food. 2012;15(1):18-23. PubMed PMID: 21861727.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Biochemical characteristics and biological properties of Annurca apple cider. AU - Fratianni,Florinda, AU - De Giulio,Alfonso, AU - Sada,Alfonso, AU - Nazzaro,Filomena, Y1 - 2011/08/23/ PY - 2011/8/25/entrez PY - 2011/8/25/pubmed PY - 2012/6/6/medline SP - 18 EP - 23 JF - Journal of medicinal food JO - J Med Food VL - 15 IS - 1 N2 - Our work aimed to investigate the phenolic composition and antioxidant capacity of the de-alcoholized extract of cider obtained from the Annurca apple (Malus domestica var. Annurca). The antimicrobial effect of the extract against different pathogens, including Chronobacter sakazakii, was also examined. The extract's potential anti-quorum-sensing (AQS) activity was assessed using the test microorganism Chromobacterium violaceum. Biochemical analysis of the extract using ultra-performance liquid chromatography revealed catechin and caffeic acid as the most abundant polyphenols present, which represented about 35.5% and 36.6% of the total phenolics identified, respectively. An antioxidant capacity was also found (50% effective concentraiton=10 μL). The extract exhibited clear antimicrobial activity against all strains used in the experiments. Escherichia coli and Bacillus cereus were the most sensitive bacteria to the antimicrobial activity. The extract also inhibited the growth of the emergent pathogen strain C. sakazakii. The AQS activity of apple cider is reported here for the first time. In conclusion, our results demonstrate some biological properties of the apple cider and contribute to reinforcing the potential of the apple and its derivatives as functional components of the diet. SN - 1557-7600 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21861727/Biochemical_characteristics_and_biological_properties_of_Annurca_apple_cider_ L2 - https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/jmf.2011.0042?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -