Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Effects of 8-week in-season upper and lower limb heavy resistance training on the peak power, throwing velocity, and sprint performance of elite male handball players.
J Strength Cond Res. 2011 Sep; 25(9):2424-33.JS

Abstract

The aims of this study were to test the potential of in-season heavy upper and lower limb strength training to enhance peak power output (Wpeak), vertical jump, and handball related field performance in elite male handball players who were apparently already well trained, and to assess any adverse effects on sprint velocity. Twenty-four competitors were divided randomly between a heavy resistance (HR) group (age 20 ± 0.7 years) and a control group (C; age 20 ± 0.1 years). Resistance training sessions were performed twice a week for 8 weeks. Performance was assessed before and after conditioning. Peak power (W(peak)) was determined by cycle ergometer; vertical squat jump (SJ) and countermovement jump (CMJ); video analyses assessed velocities during the first step (V(1S)), the first 5 m (V(5m)), and between 25 and 30 m (V(peak)) of a 30-m sprint. Upper limb bench press and pull-over exercises and lower limb back half squats were performed to 1-repetition maximum (1RM). Upper limb, leg, and thigh muscle volumes and mean thigh cross-sectional area (CSA) were assessed by anthropometry. W(peak) (W) for both limbs (p < 0.001), vertical jump height (p < 0.01 for both SJ and CMJ), 1RM (p < 0.001 for both upper and lower limbs) and sprint velocities (p < 0.01 for V(1S) and V(5m); p < 0.001 for V(peak)) improved in the HR group. Upper body, leg, and thigh muscle volumes and thigh CSA also increased significantly after strength training. We conclude that in-season biweekly heavy back half-squat, pull-over, and bench-press exercises can be commended to elite male handball players as improving many measures of handball-related performance without adverse effects upon speed of movement.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Research Unit Evaluation and Analysis of Factors Influencing Sport Performance, Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Ksar Said, Tunis, Tunisia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21869628

Citation

Hermassi, Souhail, et al. "Effects of 8-week In-season Upper and Lower Limb Heavy Resistance Training On the Peak Power, Throwing Velocity, and Sprint Performance of Elite Male Handball Players." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 25, no. 9, 2011, pp. 2424-33.
Hermassi S, Chelly MS, Tabka Z, et al. Effects of 8-week in-season upper and lower limb heavy resistance training on the peak power, throwing velocity, and sprint performance of elite male handball players. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25(9):2424-33.
Hermassi, S., Chelly, M. S., Tabka, Z., Shephard, R. J., & Chamari, K. (2011). Effects of 8-week in-season upper and lower limb heavy resistance training on the peak power, throwing velocity, and sprint performance of elite male handball players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(9), 2424-33. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182030edb
Hermassi S, et al. Effects of 8-week In-season Upper and Lower Limb Heavy Resistance Training On the Peak Power, Throwing Velocity, and Sprint Performance of Elite Male Handball Players. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25(9):2424-33. PubMed PMID: 21869628.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of 8-week in-season upper and lower limb heavy resistance training on the peak power, throwing velocity, and sprint performance of elite male handball players. AU - Hermassi,Souhail, AU - Chelly,Mohamed Souhaiel, AU - Tabka,Zouhair, AU - Shephard,Roy J, AU - Chamari,Karim, PY - 2011/8/27/entrez PY - 2011/8/27/pubmed PY - 2012/1/5/medline SP - 2424 EP - 33 JF - Journal of strength and conditioning research JO - J Strength Cond Res VL - 25 IS - 9 N2 - The aims of this study were to test the potential of in-season heavy upper and lower limb strength training to enhance peak power output (Wpeak), vertical jump, and handball related field performance in elite male handball players who were apparently already well trained, and to assess any adverse effects on sprint velocity. Twenty-four competitors were divided randomly between a heavy resistance (HR) group (age 20 ± 0.7 years) and a control group (C; age 20 ± 0.1 years). Resistance training sessions were performed twice a week for 8 weeks. Performance was assessed before and after conditioning. Peak power (W(peak)) was determined by cycle ergometer; vertical squat jump (SJ) and countermovement jump (CMJ); video analyses assessed velocities during the first step (V(1S)), the first 5 m (V(5m)), and between 25 and 30 m (V(peak)) of a 30-m sprint. Upper limb bench press and pull-over exercises and lower limb back half squats were performed to 1-repetition maximum (1RM). Upper limb, leg, and thigh muscle volumes and mean thigh cross-sectional area (CSA) were assessed by anthropometry. W(peak) (W) for both limbs (p < 0.001), vertical jump height (p < 0.01 for both SJ and CMJ), 1RM (p < 0.001 for both upper and lower limbs) and sprint velocities (p < 0.01 for V(1S) and V(5m); p < 0.001 for V(peak)) improved in the HR group. Upper body, leg, and thigh muscle volumes and thigh CSA also increased significantly after strength training. We conclude that in-season biweekly heavy back half-squat, pull-over, and bench-press exercises can be commended to elite male handball players as improving many measures of handball-related performance without adverse effects upon speed of movement. SN - 1533-4287 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21869628/Effects_of_8_week_in_season_upper_and_lower_limb_heavy_resistance_training_on_the_peak_power_throwing_velocity_and_sprint_performance_of_elite_male_handball_players_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182030edb DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -