Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Female adolescent athletes' awareness of the connection between menstrual status and bone health.
J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2011 Oct; 24(5):311-4.JP

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE

The aims of this study are to determine among female high school track athletes: (1) knowledge of the association between menstrual irregularity and bone health; (2) attitudes toward amenorrhea, specifically if amenorrhea is seen as a sign of athletic success; (3) the association between knowledge and attitudes based on athlete menstrual status.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional survey.

SETTING

Five public high schools in Texas.

PARTICIPANTS

103 female high school track athletes ages 14-18 years.

INTERVENTION

Participants completed a questionnaire that addressed menstrual history, details of track participation, knowledge of bone mineral density (BMD)/ menstrual status connection, and attitudes about the desirability of oligo/amenorrhea.

OUTCOME MEASURES

Frequencies of attitude and knowledge replies, summative knowledge score, and correlations between attitudes, knowledge, and menstrual status.

RESULTS

Sixteen subjects (16.7%) met criteria for amenorrhea, 16 for oligomenorrhea (16.7%). Median summative knowledge score was one of six. Menstrual irregularity was associated with lower knowledge (P = 0.035). Incorrect answers about consequences of bone loss and the link to menstrual irregularity were given by ≥90% of respondents. Lower knowledge was associated with a greater number of "don't know" replies to attitude questions (P = 0.002). Among more knowledgeable participants endorsing opinions, menstrual irregularity was not seen as a sign of athletic success.

CONCLUSIONS

The prevalence of irregular menses is high among adolescent track athletes and a larger-scale inquiry to clarify adolescent athletes' knowledge of and attitudes about the link between menstrual patterns and BMD is indicated. Education may provide one key to improved health behavior among this at-risk population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Adolescent Medicine and Sports Medicine Section, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA. Feldmann@bcm.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21872775

Citation

Feldmann, Jennifer M., et al. "Female Adolescent Athletes' Awareness of the Connection Between Menstrual Status and Bone Health." Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, vol. 24, no. 5, 2011, pp. 311-4.
Feldmann JM, Belsha JP, Eissa MA, et al. Female adolescent athletes' awareness of the connection between menstrual status and bone health. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2011;24(5):311-4.
Feldmann, J. M., Belsha, J. P., Eissa, M. A., & Middleman, A. B. (2011). Female adolescent athletes' awareness of the connection between menstrual status and bone health. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 24(5), 311-4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpag.2011.05.011
Feldmann JM, et al. Female Adolescent Athletes' Awareness of the Connection Between Menstrual Status and Bone Health. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2011;24(5):311-4. PubMed PMID: 21872775.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Female adolescent athletes' awareness of the connection between menstrual status and bone health. AU - Feldmann,Jennifer M, AU - Belsha,Jerissa P, AU - Eissa,Mona A, AU - Middleman,Amy B, PY - 2011/03/04/received PY - 2011/05/27/revised PY - 2011/05/31/accepted PY - 2011/8/30/entrez PY - 2011/8/30/pubmed PY - 2012/1/24/medline SP - 311 EP - 4 JF - Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology JO - J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol VL - 24 IS - 5 N2 - STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study are to determine among female high school track athletes: (1) knowledge of the association between menstrual irregularity and bone health; (2) attitudes toward amenorrhea, specifically if amenorrhea is seen as a sign of athletic success; (3) the association between knowledge and attitudes based on athlete menstrual status. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Five public high schools in Texas. PARTICIPANTS: 103 female high school track athletes ages 14-18 years. INTERVENTION: Participants completed a questionnaire that addressed menstrual history, details of track participation, knowledge of bone mineral density (BMD)/ menstrual status connection, and attitudes about the desirability of oligo/amenorrhea. OUTCOME MEASURES: Frequencies of attitude and knowledge replies, summative knowledge score, and correlations between attitudes, knowledge, and menstrual status. RESULTS: Sixteen subjects (16.7%) met criteria for amenorrhea, 16 for oligomenorrhea (16.7%). Median summative knowledge score was one of six. Menstrual irregularity was associated with lower knowledge (P = 0.035). Incorrect answers about consequences of bone loss and the link to menstrual irregularity were given by ≥90% of respondents. Lower knowledge was associated with a greater number of "don't know" replies to attitude questions (P = 0.002). Among more knowledgeable participants endorsing opinions, menstrual irregularity was not seen as a sign of athletic success. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of irregular menses is high among adolescent track athletes and a larger-scale inquiry to clarify adolescent athletes' knowledge of and attitudes about the link between menstrual patterns and BMD is indicated. Education may provide one key to improved health behavior among this at-risk population. SN - 1873-4332 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21872775/Female_adolescent_athletes'_awareness_of_the_connection_between_menstrual_status_and_bone_health_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1083-3188(11)00255-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -