Cricopharyngeal myotomy for primary cricopharyngeal dysfunction caused by a structural abnormality localized in the cricopharyngeus muscle: report of a case.Surg Today. 2011 Sep; 41(9):1238-42.ST
Primary cricopharyngeal dysfunction (PCD) is a rare idiopathic disorder of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES), characterized by oropharyngeal dysphagia, frequent aspiration, and narrowing at the level of the UES. Cricopharyngeal myotomy (CPM) has been used to treat oropharyngeal dysphagia of different causes including anatomic, neuromuscular, iatrogenic, inflammatory, neoplastic, and idiopathic; however, the indications for CPM and predictors of its outcome are not clearly defined. We report a case of PCD with hypertonic UES caused by a structural abnormality localized in the cricopharyngeus muscle, visualized as a cricopharyngeal bar, which we treated successfully by CPM, achieving long-term relief.