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Environmental burden of acute respiratory infection and pneumonia due to indoor smoke in Dhading.
J Nepal Health Res Counc. 2010 Apr; 8(1):1-4.JN

Abstract

BACKGROUND

ARI and pneumonia is one of the major public health problems in Nepal which always ranks highest position among the top ten diseases. One of the risk factor of ARI and pneumonia is indoor smoke from kitchen where primary source of cooking is solid biomass fuel. This study was carried out in order to estimate the burden of ARI and pneumonia due to indoor smoke. ARI and pneumonia was chosen as it is one of the significant public health problem among under five children in Nepal and responsible for high number of premature deaths.

METHODS

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Dhading district. Multistage cluster sampling technique was used for data collection considering ward as a cluster. The environmental burden of ARI and pneumonia due to indoor smoke was calculated using the WHO Environmental Burden of Disease Series.

RESULTS

About 87 percent of households were using solid biomass fuel as a primary source of fuel. The under five children exposed to solid fuel use was 41313. The total 1284 Disability Adjusted Life Years were lost due to ARI and pneumonia and about 50 percent of it was attributed by Indoor smoke in household.

CONCLUSIONS

The solid biomass fuel was primary source of energy for cooking in Dhading district which is attributing about 50 percent of burden of ARI and pneumonia among under five children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Environmental Health Research Unit, Nepal Health Research Council, Ramshah Path, Kathmandu, Nepal. meghdhimal@gmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21879004

Citation

Dhimal, M, et al. "Environmental Burden of Acute Respiratory Infection and Pneumonia Due to Indoor Smoke in Dhading." Journal of Nepal Health Research Council, vol. 8, no. 1, 2010, pp. 1-4.
Dhimal M, Dhakal P, Shrestha N, et al. Environmental burden of acute respiratory infection and pneumonia due to indoor smoke in Dhading. J Nepal Health Res Counc. 2010;8(1):1-4.
Dhimal, M., Dhakal, P., Shrestha, N., Baral, K., & Maskey, M. (2010). Environmental burden of acute respiratory infection and pneumonia due to indoor smoke in Dhading. Journal of Nepal Health Research Council, 8(1), 1-4.
Dhimal M, et al. Environmental Burden of Acute Respiratory Infection and Pneumonia Due to Indoor Smoke in Dhading. J Nepal Health Res Counc. 2010;8(1):1-4. PubMed PMID: 21879004.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Environmental burden of acute respiratory infection and pneumonia due to indoor smoke in Dhading. AU - Dhimal,M, AU - Dhakal,P, AU - Shrestha,N, AU - Baral,K, AU - Maskey,M, PY - 2011/9/1/entrez PY - 2010/4/1/pubmed PY - 2012/2/3/medline SP - 1 EP - 4 JF - Journal of Nepal Health Research Council JO - J Nepal Health Res Counc VL - 8 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: ARI and pneumonia is one of the major public health problems in Nepal which always ranks highest position among the top ten diseases. One of the risk factor of ARI and pneumonia is indoor smoke from kitchen where primary source of cooking is solid biomass fuel. This study was carried out in order to estimate the burden of ARI and pneumonia due to indoor smoke. ARI and pneumonia was chosen as it is one of the significant public health problem among under five children in Nepal and responsible for high number of premature deaths. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Dhading district. Multistage cluster sampling technique was used for data collection considering ward as a cluster. The environmental burden of ARI and pneumonia due to indoor smoke was calculated using the WHO Environmental Burden of Disease Series. RESULTS: About 87 percent of households were using solid biomass fuel as a primary source of fuel. The under five children exposed to solid fuel use was 41313. The total 1284 Disability Adjusted Life Years were lost due to ARI and pneumonia and about 50 percent of it was attributed by Indoor smoke in household. CONCLUSIONS: The solid biomass fuel was primary source of energy for cooking in Dhading district which is attributing about 50 percent of burden of ARI and pneumonia among under five children. SN - 1999-6217 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21879004/Environmental_burden_of_acute_respiratory_infection_and_pneumonia_due_to_indoor_smoke_in_Dhading_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/pneumonia.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -